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Author Guidelines

Before your submission, please check that your manuscript has been prepared in accordance to the step-by-step instructions for submitting a manuscript to our online submission system.

1. Manuscript Guidelines

Bilingual Publishing CO. follows the standards set by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

1.1 Open-access and Copyright

1.1.1 Creative Commons Attribution license (CC-BY 4.0): This license allows the author(s) to retain the copyright, but the content is free to be downloaded, distributed, adapted, and/or transmitted for commercial or non-commercial purposes, provided the correct attribution of the original creator is stated.

1.2 Manuscript Requirements

1.2.1 General Language

Submitted work has to meet international standards for the English language in order to be considered for publication.

Author(s) are reminded to remain consistent with their choice of American English or British English throughout their manuscript.

Language used should be concise, and unambiguous. Author(s) employing the excessive use of redundant words may be asked to amend their manuscripts. Organization

Submitted content should be organized and consistent. Scientific Content

Original data and ideas should be clearly distinguished from those of others, as well as the author’s earlier publications. If text from other sources have been utilized, clear citations should be used, in addition to paraphrasing and summarizing.

Proper English scientific terms should be used. Uncommon and/or ambiguous scientific terms should be defined at first use.

1.2.2 Title

Avoid excessively long titles and jargon as it may not be clearly understood by all readers. Irony, puns and humor should be avoided as well as it may not be easily understood by non-native speaking readers and tends to be more culturally-specific.

1.2.3 Abstract

An abstract concisely summarizing the paper should be included in the submission. Abstracts should be fully self-contained and makes sense on its own, consisting of the research purpose and significant results achieved. The abstract should be in the range of 200-250 words.

Authors should also include 5-8 keywords after the abstract (avoiding words already used in the title of the paper).

1.2.4 Introduction

Authors should explain the need for the research conducted and include specific research aims and/or research question(s) of the paper.

1.2.5 Methods

Authors should clearly describe in detail how the study/research was conducted. All factors that could have affected the results need to be considered, including, but not limited to, study area, data collection, criteria, origin of analysed material, sample size, number of measurements, age/sex of participants or tissue/cell donors, equipment, data analysis, statistical tests, and software used.

Sources of experimental materials should be clearly cited.

1.2.6 Results

Authors should present new results of their study in this section. All tables and figures must be mentioned in the main body of the article, and numbered in order of appearance.

Data must not be fabricated, distorted, purposely excluded, or manipulated to create a false impression.

Published data should not be presented or discussed in this section.

1.2.7 Discussion

Using results and data previously presented in the ‘Results’ section, authors should discuss their main results, cross-referencing them with published data as objectively as possible. The purpose of this section would be to address the research question or research aims posed.

Do not leave the research question/aims unaddressed or unanswered.

1.2.8 Conclusion

An effective conclusion should be concisely wrap up the paper.

1.2.9 Acknowledgements

Authors should mention all people/organizations who contributed significantly (excluding co-authors).

Eg. “This work was supported by the Medical Research Council [Grant number xxxx].”

If no specific funding was provided, acknowledgement can be as follows:

“This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

Any conflicts of interests may also be declared in this section.

1.2.10 References

Ensure that all sources have been cited. In the list of references, include all data necessary for finding the source in a library or the Internet. Avoid references that are inaccessible, coercive and irrelevant.

Primary research articles are preferred.

List and number all bibliographical references that has important contribution on the paper. When referenced in the text, enclose the citation number in square brackets, for example [1]. (See examples below)

1) Journal Article

Format as following: numerical order, double blank, name (family name, abbreviation of first name; use et al. if more than three authors) point, title of the cited article, journal title, year of publication, semi-colon, volume number, issue number with brackets, colon, initial and last page number.

For example:

1. Tom C, John EF, Matt GH, et al. Study on persistent organic pollutants in Southern Town. Journal of Smart Construction 2013; 1(2): 5–8.

2) Book

Format as following: the author's name, book title, publisher, city of publication, year of publication, and initial and last page number.

For example:

1. Carr I, Kidner R. Statutes and conventions on international trade law (4th ed.). London: Cavendish, 2009. 11–14.

2. Publication Ethics

2.1 Authorship and Author Responsibilities

Authors should ensure that submitted work has not been published in whole or in part in journal under Bilingual Publishing CO., or journals under other publishers.

The manuscript should not be currently under consideration for publication in another journal.

For works with multiple authors, authors should ensure that all authors have been personally and actively involved in substantial work leading to the manuscript, and are jointly and individually responsible for its content.

Research participants (if any) were involved on a voluntary basis, free from coercion.

The research has been designed, reviewed, and carried out to ensure the integrity and quality of the resulting manuscript.

The manuscript submitted must be free of any conflicts of interest in order to maintain the integrity and impartiality of the research conducted.

2.2 Research Integrity (Ethics statement – plagiarism/duplication, image manipulation, ethical standards should be adhered to)

The manuscript should be free from plagiarism, duplication, image manipulation etc.

International ethical standards should be adhered to.

A sample Ethics Statement can be found here.

2.3 Translation

Translation services can be arranged for, and may be chargeable at a fee to the author(s), if requested by the author.

2.4 Review (corrections made, will be returned to author if no go)

By submitting their manuscript to the journal for consideration, the author acknowledges that revisions may be required should there be errors or problematic areas of the manuscript. Should the manuscript be deemed unsuitable for the journal, the manuscript will be returned to the author. 


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

The Author(s) warrant that permission to publish the article has not been previously assigned elsewhere.

Author(s) shall retain the copyright of their work and grant the Journal/Publisher right for the first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under: 

a) OA - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). This license allows for the copying, distribution and transmission of the work, provided the correct attribution of the original creator is stated. Adaptation and remixing are also permitted.


b) OCA - Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows for the copying, distribution and transmission of the work, provided the correct attribution of the original creator is stated. Distribution of adaptation and remixing article are NOT permitted.

Both licenses restricted the use of the content for commercial purpose. This broad license intends to facilitate free access to, as well as the unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types for non-commercial purposes.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.