Soil-water-security Systems of Agriculture and Adaptation to Changes of Climate

Svetlana Vasilievna Budnik (The central geophysical observatory of a name of Boris Sreznevskogo, Kiev, Ukraine)

Abstract


In article the expediency of application of methods of protection soils from erosion and in general principles of the antierosion organization of territory of land tenure for adaptation of territories to changes of a climate is considered. The expediency of updating of these methods in connection with new results of supervision for runoff on slopes and the new purposes of their application is shown. In particular, it is shown, that antierosion constructions need to be placed above a place of concentration of a runoff, instead of on it as the probability of destruction of a construction in this place is great. Application the soil-water-security systems of agriculture provides regulation of a microclimate of territory (reduction of warming up of a surface), allows to lower peak of a high water from downpours, translating a part of a superficial runoff in intrasoil and underground and to these to prevent losses from them including loss of a fertile layer of soils, saturation by a moisture of a zone of aeration favorably influences development of forest vegetation and agricultural crops.


Keywords


Adaptation; Climate; The antierosion organization; Accommodation of constructions; Runoff; Loss; Geosystem; Methods

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/hsme.v3i1.3172

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