The Impact of Nature,The Teaching And Learning Of Elementary Lessons IN Students 9-11 Years Old (Case Study: Shiraz Elementary Schools)

neda mohammadi (Architecture,Islamic Azad University of Bushehr)
Sayyid Rasool Sayyid Rasool Keshavarz (Member of the Research and Elite Club of Islamic Azad University of Darun)
Zahra Zahra Darabi (Graduate Student in Architecture, Hafez Institute, Shiraz)


In today's world some changes have been occurred in human lifestyle, these changes, along with the advantages, have led to a series of disadvantages including their disconnection with the nature. One of the most important areas to re-establish the relationship is the school. The presence of nature at schools, and holding some classes in nature, in addition to meeting the special needs of children causes their separation from those small and boring classes as well as their interest in courses . This study aimed to investigate the role of nature in children's learning. For this purpose, third, fourth and fifth grade classes of 3 schools were held outside the school environment and in the nature in 5 courses. The study is a combinational research and field, indirect observation and library data collection methods were applied, where in the indirect observation, two types of questionnaires were prepared related to the students and teachers and were randomly distributed among 580 students and 50 elementary school teachers. Test reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha and it was obtained to be 0.890. The results of this study indicate that the physical place as one of the factors in children's learning has the maximum impact on teaching and learning of children. At the end of the study and by investigating the existing factors in the environment we understood that the expansion of the nature and natural light of it causes the students' interest in lessons in nature.


expansion of space, nature, physical environment of the class, schools, interest in lessons

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