Influence of Waterside Buildings’ Layout on Wind Environment and the Relation with Design Based on a Case Study of the She Kou Residential District

Lei Yu (Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen, China)
Yongyi Ye (Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Urban Planning and Decision-Making, Shenzhen, China)
Lu Zhang (Shanghai Key Laboratory of Urban Renewal and Spatial Optimization Technology, Shanghai, China;Zibo Urban and Rural Planning and Development Center, Shandong, China)


It is important to improve residential thermal comfort in the high dense cities, in which wind environment is crucial. Waterside buildings take an advantage of micro-hydrological-climate in summer that should be used to enhance residential thermal comfort especially in the subtropical region. In order to propose design approaches according to the outdoor thermal comfort of the waterside residential, a case study of Shenzhen She Kou residential district has been made. It focused on various factors that could have influence on wind environment for improving thermal comfort. Using wind velocity ratio (ΔRi) criterion, factors of building development volume, building direction and layout pattern, open space arrangement etc. have been broadly explored using FLUENT simulation. To planning parameters, the Floor Area Ratio (FAR) is significantly influence wind environment, the smaller FAR is better. To the vertical layout of the buildings, multi-storey layout and multi-storey & sub high-rise mixed layout would provide better wind environment. To the horizontal layout, the determinant is better than the peripheral. Other factors such as the buildings’ direction towards the road, buildings’ height, and open space setting, have influence on wind environment yet. In general, the more benefit of design layout for wind breezing, the better wind environment it could get


Buildings’ layout;Waterside;Wind environment;Design approach

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