Building Pattern Technique of an Indigenous Community – Does Its Appearances a Distinctive Representation?

Md. Mustafizur Rahman (Department of Architecture, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh)
Mohammad Tanvir Hasan (Department of Architecture, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh)
Shahidul Islam (Department of Architecture, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh)
Jiaul Hassan Mithun (Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh)


Bangladesh is enriched with beautiful traditional indigenous cultures. Different indigenous peoples with their distinctive existences also considerably create an enhance values and lifestyles to the socio-cultural sectors of Bangladesh [1]. Habitually, these indigenous communities have been comparable to live a large combined family to shear their lifestyles [2]. Presently the country has 45 indigenous communities who are living in different locations. All indigenous people within this country have their own style to build their settlements with special techniques to keep them safe and sound from all types of natural and environmental vulnerabilities and also enhance their knowledge of construction techniques and lifestyle. Rakhain is one of them with very small number of people are still living in different regions within the country which have their own system of building techniques. Study found that for several hundreds of years Rakhains are strictly following their indigenous prescription of house and settlement pattern. Although like other indigenous people of this country, they have mountains of problems, such as forced land occupation, lack of security and minority characteristics. Above all, forced political separation has gradually drowned them in the abysmal pit of marginal destiny. This has turned them into exiles in their own land. As a result, many of them are being forced to leave the country and as a result they misplaced their native knowledge and technique to construct. Thus, this study will initially focus on to search for the distinctiveness of their settlement pattern and building construction techniques and lifestyle. Again, in view of their problems, knowledge and experiences concerning archetype, built and house pattern, this study will finally explain how Rakhains accumulate their every distinctiveness from history and for present and future invention.


Rakhaine; House Pattern; Indigenous; Settlement Pattern; Distinctiveness.

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