Biomechanical Risk Assessment of Non-Contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Taekwondo Athletes

Rongqiang Zheng (Shandong Sports Science Research Center)
Jingyi Zhou (Jinan Fifth People’s Hospital)
Teng Zhang (Shandong Sport University)

Abstract


Non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury can occur in many sports. It is interrelated with gender, anatomy, biomechanics, and neuromuscular control. Taekwondo athletes have a higher incidence of ACL injury than athletes from other sports. Objective: This study aimed to determine the biomechanical gender differences and mechanism of taekwondo athletes with ACL injury. Methods: A total of 28 taekwondo athletes (aged 14–19 years) were randomly selected and grouped by gender. Feet high floor, one foot high floor, and single leg squat were analyzed by a Vicon motion analysis system and Kistler 3D force platform for action. The knee joint angle and ground force were evaluated. Results: Results demonstrated biomechanical differences in knee joint between male and female athletes. Conclusion: ACL injury in taekwondo female athletes indicated the biomechanical mechanism of the knee joint, and it can be prevented by neuromuscular control training.


Keywords


Knee; Anterior cruciate ligament; Biomechanics; Risk assessment

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jams.v3i3.1908

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