Climatology of Energetics of Cyclones over Indian Seas

Somenath Dutta (India Meteorological Department, India)
Geena Sandhu (Indian Navy)
Sanjay G Narkhedkar (Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology)
Sunitha Devi (India Meteorological Department)

Abstract


The study discusses the energetic aspects of tropical cyclones formed over Arabian Sea (AS) and Bay of Bengal (BOB) during the period from 1991 till 2013 and aims at bringing out climatology of the energetics of tropical cyclones over Indian Seas. Total 88 cyclones that developed over the Indian Seas during the recent decade of 1991-2013 have been studied. These intense systems are categorized on the basis of their formation region and season of formation. It is seen that during the study period, the frequency of formation of cyclones over BOB is twice that over AS which is consistent with the climatology of the regions. Further, it is noticed that over both the regions, they are more frequently formed in the post monsoon period compared to pre monsoon. The trend analysis of the frequency of cyclones forming over both basins, season wise shows that the overall trend for both basins is of just decreasing type. However, for Arabian Sea; the decreasing trend is more apparent in the post monsoon season, whereas in the case of the Bay of Bengal the decreasing trend is more evident in the pre monsoon season. Various energy terms, their generation and conversion terms have been computed using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data. Day to day quantitative analysis of these parameters is studied critically during various stages of the cyclones. The composites of these categorized systems are formed and studied. The formative, intensification and dissipation stages showed variations in their energy terms.

Keywords


Energetics; Cyclone; Climatology; North Indian seas

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jasr.v2i1.266

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