Spatio-temporal Changes in the Regime of Rivers in the Pripyat River Catchment and Climate Change

Budnik Svetlana Vasilivna (The central geophysical observatory of a name of B.Sreznevskogo the State Emergency Service of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine)

Article ID: 4396


In work features of a hydrological regime of catchments of the river of the Pripyat in climate change are considered. Researches of meteorological characteristics of the given territory show the tendency to growth, both temperatures of air, and precipitation, evaporation from a surface of water and ground also show the tendency to increase. That is not unequivocally reflected in change of a course of hydrological characteristics waters objects of territory. On a part of pools of the rivers the mid-annual runoff of water in the rivers in time tends to growth, and Change of levels of subsoil waters decreases for parts - on a turn - here, as a rule, tends a course in time opposite to a mid-annual runoff of water in the rivers. Change of the maximal temperature of water in the rivers in time repeats the tendency of a course of a runoff of water in them, i.e. at increase in a runoff of water in the rivers - the maximal temperature increases, and at reduction - decreases. The increase in temperature of a superficial component of a runoff of the rivers occurs because of the general increase in temperature of air in considered territory. Silt charge waters in all territory decreases, despite of increase in quantity of atmospheric precipitation and increases or reduction of a runoff of water in the rivers. The relationship between the water runoff layer and precipitation and soil moisture has a certain time delay. The average annual water temperature over time shows a tendency to increase at almost all stations, while the change in the maximum water temperature in rivers over time has a multidirectional tendency and to a greater extent depends on the change in water depth in the river, a decrease in high water maximums and frequent thaws, etc. The studies carried out show that the preservation of moisture in thick layers of soil (0 cm-100 cm) contributes to an increase in water flow in rivers and in the modern conditions of Polesie of Ukraine this will solve a number of problems with the provision of high-quality water resources for various industries and the population.


Runoff; Silt discharge; Precipitation; Climate; Temperature of water; Agro-forest-melioration

Full Text:



[1] Musau, J., Sang, J., Gathenya, J., et al., 2015. Hydrological responses to climate change in Mt. Elgon watersheds. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 3, 233-246.

[2] Tadic, L., Dadic, T., 2016. Leko-Kos Marija Variability of Hydrological Parameters and Water Balance Components in Small Catchment in Croatia. Advances in Meteorology. Article ID 1393241, pp. 1-9. DOI:

[3] Volchek, A.A., 2015. Water resources of the Belarusian Polesie and their use. PolesGU. pp. 65- 69. (In Russian)

[4] Volchek, An.A., 2017. Flooding on the territory of Belarus. Bulletin of the Brest State Technical University. 2, 39-53. (In Russian)

[5] Danilovich, I.S., Kvach, E.G., Zhuravovich, L.N., et al., 2021. Modern changes in the humidification regime in the warm period of the year and the conditions for the formation of the runoff of the summer-autumn dry season on the rivers of Belarus. Natural resources. 1, 22-33. (In Russian)

[6] Rusetsky, A.P., Lukyanova, E.A., Trukhan, L.A., 2010. State and hydrological regime of the Pripyat river floodplain after reclamation in Polesie. PolesGU. pp. 42-49. (In Russian)

[7] Volchek, A.A., Shpoka, I.N., Shpoka, D.A., 2020. Assessment of fluctuations in the maximum water levels of the rivers of the Pripyat basin on the territory of Belarus. Bulletin of the Brest State Technical University. 2, 27-30. (In Russian)

[8] Pokumeiko, Yu.M., 1980. Changes in the water regime of the rivers of Belarus under the influence of drainage reclamation. Collection of works of Minsk and Vilnius hydrometeorological observatories. issue 1. Research on the hydrometeorological regime of the Byelorussian SSR and the Lithuanian SSR. pp. 107-114. (In Russian)

[9] Shebeko, V.F., Zakrzhevsky, P.I., 1975. Influence of drainage on river runoff and evaporation. Hydrotechnics and melioration. No.8, 49-55. (In Russian)

[10] Budnik, S.V., 2018. Anthropogenic influence on the silt charge of the Western Bug and Pripyat rivers. Scientific bulletin of Belgorod State University. Series: Natural Sciences. 42(4), 532-539. DOI: / 2075-4671-2018-42- 4-532-539. (In Russian)

[11] Kalinin, M.Yu., Obodovsky, A.G., 2003. Monitoring, use and management of water resources in the Pripyat river basin. Under the general ed. Minsk: Balsens. pp. 293. (In Russian)

[12] Budnik, S.V., 2019. Spatio-Temporal Change of Atmospheric Precipitation on Territory of NorthWest of Ukraine. Journal of Atmospheric Science Research. 2(4), 1-4 DOI:

[13] Jamalov, R.G., Frolova, N.L., Krichevets, G.N., et al., 2012. Formation of modern surface and groundwater resources in the European part of Russia. Water resources. 39(6), 571-589. (In Russian)

[14] Kukharuk, N.S., Smirnova, L.G., Narozhnyaya, A.G., et al., 2017. Dynamics of soil moisture in protected areas of the forest-steppe against the background of intrasecular climatic variability. Scientific statements of the Belgorod state. un-that, Ser. Natural Sciences. 25(41), 79-90. (In Russian)

[15] Shtogrin, I., 23 April 2020. “Znevodnennya”: in Ukraine, the lowest level of water is being promoted at the riverside for the rest of 100 years. Radio freedom. html? fbclid = IwA R0ar4ldSOQfVc6kRVfOxg0DD96R1FyiazNzTsKp mU2RrVo6zbXgLg54C0Y

[16] Kuzmin, S.I., 2009. National environmental monitoring system of the Republic of Belarus: observation results for 2008. Minsk: “Bel SRC Ecology”. pp. 335. (In Ukrainian)

[17] Voskresenskiy K.P. 1951 Runoff of the rivers and time water-currents in territory of forest-steppe and steppe zones of the European part of the USSR. Works SHI. 29 (83), 1146 p. (In Russian)

[18] Sokolova E.M. 1951 Thermal mode of the rivers USSR. Works SHI. 30 (84), 116 p. (In Russian)

[19] Budnik, S.V., 2020. Long-term changes in the hydraulic characteristics of the rivers of the Pripyat basin and modern problems of small rivers. Regional Geosystems. 44(1), 104-112. (In Russian)



  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2022 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.