To the Question of the Assessment of Ecological Comfort of the Climate

Elena S. Andreeva (Department of Life Safety and Environmental Protection, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia)
Sergey S. Andreev (Rostov Institute of Entrepreneur Protection, Rostov-on-Don, Russia)
Anna A. Parshina (Rostov Institute of Entrepreneur Protection, Rostov-on-Don, Russia)

Article ID: 4845

Abstract


The article is devoted to the discussion of the advantages of assessing the environmental comfort of the climate, based on the natural features of the climate and the bioclimatic conditions of the territory. The study assessed the ecological comfort of the climate in the city of Taganrog on the basis of the developed original sequence of performing three stages of assessing the totality of bioclimatic indicators with the final calculation of the values of the integral indicator of the bioclimatic comfort of the climate. The results of the assessment showed, according to the average long-term climatic data, the presence of sub-comfortable climates with a tendency to transition to comfortable climate conditions in the warm period of the year. The cold season was distinguished by uncomfortable conditions according to long-term average climatic data. Modeling calculations of the possible risk to the health of city residents in the presence of concentrations of suspended solids in the surface air layer, together with carbon monoxide, exceeding the maximum one-time values by more than 7 times, showed that the development of possible resorptive or carcinogenic effects in these circumstances will occur in 1/3 the population of the city. The prospects for the assessment of the ecological comfort of the climate, which allow in the future to adequately calculate the magnitude of environmental risks to public health caused by pollution of the surface air layer, are shown.


Keywords


Bioclimatic indicators; Ecological comfort of the climate; Self-purification of the atmosphere; Pathogenicity of meteorological conditions

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Andreev, S., Popova, E., 2015. Estimation of climatic comfort of coastal territory on the example of city of Tuapse. Bulletin of St. Petersburg University, Series Geology and Geography. 4, 145-150.

[2] Golovina, E., Rusanov, V., 1993. Some questions of biometeorology. S.-P. Russian Hydrometeorological Institute. pp. 90.

[3] Selegey, T., Filonenko, N., Lenkovskaya, T., 2015. On the method for determining the meteorological potential of atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric and Ocean Optics. 8(8), 725-729.

[4] Abiye, O., Akinoba, O., Sunmonu, L., et al., 2016. Atmospheric ventilation corridors and coefficients for pollution plume released from an Industrial Facility in Ile-Ife Suburb Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 10(10), 338- 349. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJEST2016.2128.

[5] Gassmann, M., Mazzeo, N., 2000. Air pollution potential: Regional study in Argentina. Environ manage. 25(4), 375-382. DOI: https://doi.org/10. 1007/s002679910

[6] Viswanadham, D., Santosh, K., 1989. Air pollution potential over South India. Bondary-Layer Meteorology. 48(3), 299-313. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00158330

[7] Yu, M., Cai, X., Xu, C., et al., 2018. A climatological study of air pollution potential in China. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 1-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s0070-4-018-2511-8

[8] Lewis, D., Mertens, K., Stock, J., 2020. Weekly Economic Index. Retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/ WEI. (Accessed 26 May 2020).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jasr.v5i3.4845

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2022 Author(s)


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.