(1) Timeliness: References should be “mainly recent”, and the topic selection of academic papers should be novel, and the latest literature should be used as a reference, especially the literature in the past two years.
(2) Authoritative: Authoritative literature refers to classic theoretical works, authoritative expert works and journal papers in a certain field of study.
(3) Scholarly: The cited references imply the author's approval of the views, theories, methods, and results of the references. It can reflect the meticulous degree of the author's literature research in advance, and reflect the starting point, depth and breadth of the paper, that is, reflect the academic level of the paper from one aspect.
(4) Relevance: References should be closely related to the topic of the paper, and must not list irrelevant literature. In addition, references should be ones that the author actually read, rather than directly citing references mentioned by others.
(5) Comprehensiveness: The more comprehensive the references cited in the paper, the more accurate and comprehensive the author's grasp of the previous research results and research progress.