Efficient Methodology For Design Of Industrial Electrical Substations and Control Buildings

Osama Bedair ()


This paper describes economical strategy for design of industrial electrical substations and control buildings. Limited literature addressed design aspects for this class of buildings. Furthermore, little guidelines are available in practice to regulate this type of steel construction.  The first part of the paper overviews the architectural and structural layouts of various industrial buildings. The economical aspects and cost savings resulting in using mobile buildings are discussed. The paper also highlights the engineering challenges that are encountered in the design of mobile facilities. The transportation procedure and design requirements are briefly described. Recommendations are provided to compute the combined center of mass of the building and interior equipments. Effective analysis procedure is also described. The proposed design concept for mobile industrial buildings is cost effective and can be implemented in industry to reduce projects cost.


Industrial buildings, electrical substations; control building; steel modules; mobile buildings; steel design; industrial facilities.

Full Text:



[1]- AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, (2012) American Association of State Highway and Transportation “- Customary US units “ AASTO Publications, Washington.

[2]- AISI (2007), “North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members”, American Iron Steel Institute, Washington DC, USA

[3]- AISC (2006), “Steel Construction Manual”, 14th Edition. American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, USA.

[4]- Alarie, S, and Gamache, M. (2002) "Overview of solution strategies used in truck dispatching systems for open pit mines",International Journal of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Environment, 16(1),59–76.

[5]- ASCE/SEI 7-10 7 (2010) " Minimum Design Loads and other structures", American Society of Civil Engineers, Virginia, USA.

[6]ASCE (2010) “Design of Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Facilities” ASCE Petrochemical Committee, Task Committee on Blast Resistant Design, New York.

[7]-Bedair, O. (2020) Economical Damage Classification Procedure for Blast Resistant Buildings in Petrochemical Plants”ASCE, Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, 25(3), 04020020.

[8]- Bedair, O. (2015) " Novel Design Procedures For Rectangular Hollow Steel Sections (RHSS) Subject To Compression, Major & Minor Axes Bending", ASCE, Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction , Vol. 20, 04014051

[9]- Bedair, O. (2014a) “Cost Effective Modularization Strategies for Industrial Facilities Used in Mega Oil&Gas Projects" Recent Patents on Engineering, Vol.8, pp.120-132.

[10]- Bedair,O. (2014b) “Rational Design of Pip-Racks Used For Oil Sands and Petrochemical Facilities", ASCE, Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, Vol. 20 (2), 04014029.

[11]- Bedair, O. (2014c) “Modern Steel Design and Construction Used In Canada's Oil Sands Industry" Journal of Steel Design Construction and Research", Vol. 7 (1), pp.32-40

[12]- Bedair, O. (2012) “Interaction of Multiple Pipe Penetrations Used In Mining and Petrochemical Facilities”, Journal of Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 52, pp. 158-164

[13]- Burt, C. & Caccetta, L. (2007) "Match factor for heterogeneous truck and loader fleets", International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment., 21(4), 262–270.

[14]-CSA S850-12, (2017) “Design and Assessment of Buildings Subjected to Blast Loads” Canadian Standard association, Toronto, Canada.

[15]- CAN/CSA-S16-01 (2010) “Limit states design of steel structures.”, Canadian Standards Association, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

[16]- CAN/CSA-S136-07 (2007) ” North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members”, Canadian Standard Steel Association, Mississauga, Ontario.

[17]- Coughlin AM, Musselman ES, Schokker AJ, Linzell DG. (2010) “ Behavior of portable fiber reinforced concrete vehicle barriers subject to blasts from contact charges” International Journal of Impact Engineering; 37(5): 521-529.

[18]- Eurocode 3: (2005) Design of steel structures Part 1.5: plated structural elements; EN 1993-1-5: 2005.

[19]- Newman, A. M., Rubio, E., Caro, R., Weintraub, A., and Eurek, K. (2010) "A review of operations research in mine planning" Interfaces, 40(3), 222–245.

[20]- NRC (National Research Council of Canada). 2010. National building code. Ottawa, ON: National Research Council of Canada

[21]- Process Industry Practices-PIP STC01015, (2014) "Structural design Criteria", Texas, USA.

[22]- Process Industry Practices PIP STC 01018 (2014) “Blast Resistant Building Design Criteria”, USA.

[23]- Remennikov AM. (2003) A review of methods for predicting bomb blast effects on buildings. J Battlefield Technol 6(3):5–10.

[24]- Remennikov AM, Rose TA. (2005) Modelling blast loads on buildings in complex city geometries. Int J Comput Struct;83:2197–2205.

[25]- Soumis, F., Ethier, J., and Elbrond (1989) "Truck dispatching in an open pit mine. International", Journal of Surface Mining Reclamation and Environment, 3(2), 115–119.

[26]-US Army Corps of Engineers TM 5-1300 (1990) “Structures To Resist The Effects Of Accidental Explosions”, New York, USA.

[27]- Ziemian, R. (2010) “Guide to Stability Design Criteria for Metal Structures”, 6th edition, John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jbms.v2i2.2906


  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2021 Osama Bedair Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.