Effects of the Addition of Sawdust Ash and Iron Ore Tailings on the Characteristics of Clay Soil

Elinwa, Augustine Uchechukwu (Civil Engineering Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria)
Mohammed, Abdulrahaman Shehu (C/O Engineering and Construction Ltd, AY1 Faskari Road, sabo Gari, Tudun Wada, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria)
Mohammed, Ahmed Bafeto (Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria)

Abstract


An evaluation of the effects of additives and firing temperatures on claybricks characteristics was studied. The two (2) additives used were sawdustash (SDA) and iron ore tailing wastes (IOTW), and the five (5) firingtemperatures of 400o C to 1200o C at intervals of 200o C were applied. Thefired bricks were tested for linear shrinkage, water absorption, density, andcompressive strength. The results of the investigations showed that firingtemperature improved the clay brick characteristics across all replacementlevels. However, the SDA additions increased the linear shrinkage and thewater absorption but decreased the density and compressive strength. Onthe other hand, the addition of IOTW to the clay-SDA mixture, reducedboth the linear shrinkage and water absorption of the clay bricks, andincreased the density and compressive strength. The statistical values andthe regression models derived on the experimental data using Minitab 18Software were significant.

Keywords


Additives; Firing temperature; Clay bricks; Bricks characteristics; Statistics and regression models

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] M Sutau, H Alptckin, E Erdogmus, Y Er, O Gencel (2015). “Characteristics of fired clay bricks with waste marble power addition as building materials,” Construction and Building Materials, 82, 1-8.

[2] S Janbuala and T Wasanapiarnpong (2016). “Lightweight clay brick ceramic prepared with bagasse addition.” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11 (13), 8380-8384.

[3] Aouba, Laila and Bories, Cécile and Coutand, Marie and Perrin, Bernard and Lemercier, Hervé Properties of fired clay bricks with incorporated biomasses: Cases of Olive Stone Flour and Wheat Straw residues. (2016) Construction and Building Materials, 102 (Part. 1). 7-13. ISSN 0950-0618.

[4] AA Kadir, NA Sarani, MMAB Abdullahi, MC Perju, AV Sandu (2017). “Study on fired clay bricks by replacing clay with palm oil waste: Effects on physical and mechanical properties,” International Conference on Innovative Research – ICIR EUROINVENT IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 209, 012037. DOI: 10.1088/1757 – 899x/209/1/01 037.

[5] Srisuwan A, Sompech S, Saengthong C, Thaomola S, Chindraprasirt P, and Phonphuak N (2020). “Preparation and properties of fired clay bricks with added wood ash.” Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals, 30, (4), 84-89.

[6] Elinwa AU (2006). “Effect of addition of sawdust ash to clay bricks.” Civil Engineering and Environment Systems, 23 (4), 263-270.

[7] ASTM C210-95 (2019). Standard Test Method for Reheat Change of Insulating Firebrick.

[8] ASTM C 373-88 (2006). Standard Test Method for Water Absorption, Bulk Density, Apparent Porosity, and Apparent Specific Gravity of Fired Whiteware Products.

[9] ASTM C216-19 (2019). Standard Specification for Building Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made from Clay or Shale).

[10] BS 1377-4:1990. Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes. Compaction-Related Tests – BSI British Standards.

[11] E. K. Arthur & E. Gikunoo | (2020) Property analysis of thermal insulating materials made from Ghanaian anthill clay deposits. Cogent Engineering, 7:1, 1827493.DOI: 10.1080/23311916.2020.1827493.

[12] G Cultrone, E Sebastian, MJ de la Torre (2005). “Mineralogy and physical behavior of solid bricks with additives.” Construction and Building Materials, 19, 39-48.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jbms.v3i2.3732

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2021 Elinwa Augustine Uchechukwu, Mohammed Abdulrahaman Shehu, Mohammed Ahmed Bafeto


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.