Physio-Chemical Characteristics and Acid-Sulphate Reactions of Moringa Oleifera Seed Powder Cement Paste and Concrete

Augustine Uchechukwu Elinwa (Civil Engineering Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria)
Isaac Bulus Ayuba (Civil Engineering Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria)
Sagir Samaila Danjauro (Civil Engineering Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria)

Abstract


The evaluation of the effect of using moringa oleifera seed powder(MOSP) to partially replace cement by wt. % has been carried out. A mixparameter of 1: 1.7: 2.5, with designed strength of 20 kN-m2 , and a cementcontent of 420 kg-m3 , water-cementitious ratio of 0.5, to produce concretespecimens to which percentages of MOSP by wt. % of cement were addedand cured for 90 days. Basic characteristics of the MOSP material weredetermined (Consistency and Setting times), and the concrete parametersworkability, density, water absorption and compressive strength were alsodetermined. The analysis of the experimental data collected on MOSP andMOSP-concrete confirmed that MOSP is substantially silicate (Quartz andCristobalite). These have greatly to a large extent imparted on the quality ofMOSP-concrete produced good quality concrete. The optimum replacementwas at 0.2 % wt. % of cement.

Keywords


Moringa oleifera seed powder; X-ray diffraction analysis; Mechanical strengths; Acid-sulphate media; Microstructure

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jbms.v3i2.3735

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