Properties of Sawdust Concrete

Onyechere, Ignatius Chigozie (Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria)

Article ID: 4818

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jbms.v4i2.4818

Abstract


This work examined the structural properties of concrete obtained bypartially replacing cement with sawdust ash. The sawdust ash which is apozzolan was obtained by burning sawdust which is a waste product fromprocessing of timber in an open air. The burnt ash was passed through a150 µm metric sieve to obtain the ash used. Physical and chemical analysiswere performed on the ash to verify its suitability as a partial substitute forcement in concrete. Chemical analysis was also carried out on the OrdinaryPortland Cement (OPC) sample. Concrete mixes were produced by replacing OPC with 0%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% of Sawdust Ash (SDA). Bothfresh and hardened properties of the concrete produced were investigated.The chemical investigation on the ash showed that it contained most ofthe basic compounds found in OPC making it suitable to serve as a partialsubstitute for OPC in concrete. Investigation on the concrete showed thatboth the workability and density of the concrete reduce as the SDA contentincreases. Analysis on the hardened concrete revealed that the compressivestrength of the concrete decreases as the ash content increases for the earlyages of curing. However, from 21 days curing age upwards, the compressive strength decreases as SDA increases up to 10% of SDA at which thecompressive strength jumped to a maximum value, and then starts reducingagain as the percentage SDA increases. Thus, the SDA concrete gained rapid strength at later ages indicating its pozzolanic activity.

Keywords


Sawdust ash;Pozzolan;Concrete;Ordinary portland cement;Compressive strength

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Surahyo, A., 2019. Concrete Construction: Practical Problems and Solutions, 2nd ed.; Springer Nature: Switzerland. pp. 1-320.

[2] Heinemann, H.A., Nijland, T.G., 2016. Historic Lime-Binders: An Example of 19th Century Dutch Military Plain Concrete. Materials and Environment (CiTG), Delft University of Technology, The

[3] Netherlands. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289550096.

[4] Shetty, M.S., Jain, A.K., 2019. Concrete Technology: Theory and Practice; S. Chand Publishing, New Delhi. pp. 1-350.

[5] ASTM C618-06: Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete. Annual Book of ASTM standards. American Society for Testing and Materials Vol. 04-02.

[6] Neville, A.N., Brooks, J.J., 2010. Concrete Technology, 2nd ed., Pearson Education Limited: England. pp. 1-442.

[7] Newman, J., Choo, B.S., 2003. Advanced Concrete Technology; Constituent Materials, Elsevier Ltd: Great Britain.

[8] Fapohunda, C., Kilani, A., Adigo, B., et al., 2021. A Review of Some Agricultural Wastes in Nigeria for Sustainability in the Production of Structural Concrete. Nigerian Journal of Technological Development. 18(2), 76-87.

[9] Siddique, R., Singh, M., Mehta, S., et al., 2020. Utilization of treated saw dust in concrete as partial replacement of natural sand. Journal of Cleaner Production. 261(10). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121226

[10] Alabduljabbar, H., Huseien, G.F., Sam, A.R.M., et al., 2020. Engineering Properties of Waste Sawdust-Based Lightweight Alkali-Activated Concrete: Experimental Assessment and Numerical Prediction. Materials. 13(5490), 1-30.DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13235490

[11] Batool, F., Islam, K., Cakiroglu, C., et al., 2021. Effectiveness of Wood Waste Sawdust to Produce Medium- to Low-Strength Concrete Materials. Journal of Building Engineering. 44.

[12] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.103237

[13] Hassen, S.A., Hameed, S.A., 2020. Physical and Mechanical Properties of Sawdust Cement Mortar Treated with Hypochlorite. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 745, 012149.

[14] DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/745/1/012149

[15] El-Nadoury, W.W., 2021. Production of Sustainable Concrete Using Sawdust. Magazine of Civil Engineering. 105(5). DOI: https://doi.org/10.34910/MCE.105.7

[16] Ettu, L.O., Osadebe, N.N., Mbajiorgu, M.S.W., 2013. Suitability of Nigerian Agricultural By-Products as Cement Replacement for Concrete Making. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER). 3(2), 1180-1185.

[17] Parande, A.K., Stalin, K., Thangarajan, R.K., et al., 2011. Utilization of Agroresidual Waste in Effective Blending in Portland Cement. International Scholarly Research Network. 2011.

[18] DOI: https://doi.org/10.5402/2011/701862

[19] Patel, M., Patel, K., Patel, A., et al., 2016. Study of Sawdust Concrete Properties as Construction Materials. 3rd International Conference on Multidisciplinary Research & Practice. IV(1), 201-205.

[20] Elinwa, A.U., 2021. Mechanical Strengths of Sawdust-Ash-Admixed Gum Arabic Concrete. Journal of Modern Materials. 8(1), 12-29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21467/jmm.8.1.12-29

[21] Elinwa, A.U., Abdulkadir, S., 2016. Sawdust Ash as an Inhibitor for Reinforcement Corrosion in Concrete. MOJ Civil Engineering. 1(3), 1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15406/mojce.2016.01.00015

[22] Okoroafor, S.U., Ibearugbulam, O.M., Onukwugha, E.R., et al., 2017. Structural Characteristics of Sawdust-Sand-Cement Composite. International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology. 6(1), 173-180.

[23] BS EN 197-1:2000. Cement: Composition, Specifications and Conformity Criteria for Common Cements. British Standards Institution, London.

[24] BS 882, 1992. Specifications for Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete. British Standards Institution, London.

[25] Frata, D., Aguettant, J., Roussel-Smith, L., 2007. Soil Mechanics Laboratory Testing. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group: New York.

[26] Jackson, N., Dhir, K.R., 1996. Civil Engineering Materials, 5th ed. Palgrave, China. pp. 106 - 126.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2022 Onyechere, Ignatius Chigozie


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.