Numerical Study of the Behavior of Steel Frame with Concentric Buckling Restrained and Conventional Braces

Mohammad Naghavi (Department of Civil Engineering, Javid Institute for Higher Education of Jiroft, Iran)
Mohsen Malekinejad (Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Sirjan branch, Iran)

Abstract


In this paper, a method is proposed to provide a simple model of buckling restrained braces. After introducing the elements, taking into account all parts of buckling restrained braces, a sample of this type of braces is modeled in finite element Abaqus software. After confirming the numerical model using the available laboratory results, which is carried out by static nonlinear analysis, moment frame model with chevron bracing is compared with moment frame with chevron buckling-restrained bracing. In this study, the behavior of buckling restrained braces as a hysteretic damper was investigated and a good performance was observed in energy absorption compared to conventional bracing.


Keywords


Buckling restrained braces; Concentric conventional braces; Plasticization; Static nonlinear analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] American Institute of Steel Construction, Inc. (AISC). (1999). Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Steel Buildings. AISC, Chicago, IL, December 27.

[2] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). (2003). Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures. Section 3, Vol. 3.01, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania.

[3] El-Tayem, A. A., and Goel, S. C. (1986). Effective Length Factor for the Design of X-bracing Systems. Engineering Journal, AISC, vol. 24, page 41-45.

[4] El-Tayem, A. A., and Goel, S. C. (1986). Cyclic Load Behavior of Angle X-Bracing. Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 112, Issue 11, pages 2528-2539.

[5] Kathib I. F., Mahin, S. A. (1987). Dynamic inelastic behavior of chevron braced steel frames. Fifth Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Balkema, Rotterdam, pages 211-220.Perotti, F., and Scarlassara, P. (1991). Concentrically Braced Steel Frames under Seismic Actions: Non-linear Behavior and Design Coefficients. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, vol. 20, pages 409-427.

[6] Elghazouli, A. Y. (2003). Seismic design procedures for concentrically braced frames. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Structures and Buildings. volume 156, issue 4. Pages 381-394.

[7] Lopez, W. A., Gwie, D. S., Saunders, C. M., Lauck, T.W., (2002), "Lessons learned from largescale tests of unbonded braced frame subassemblages ", Proceedings 71st Annual Convention, Structural Engineers Association of California, Sacramento, California.

[8] Rohola Rahnavard, Akbar Hassanipour, (2015). Steel Structures analysis using ABAQUS, Kerman: Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Publishing Organization of Kerman branch

[9] Rohola Rahnavard, Mohammad Naghavi, Maryam Abudi, Mohamed Suleiman, (2018). Investigating Modeling Approaches of Buckling-Restrained Braces under Cyclic Loads, Case Studies in Construction Materials, Case Studies in Construction Materials 8 476–488

[10] Mohammad Naghavi, Rohola Rahnavard, Robert J. Thomas, Mohsen Malekinejad, (2018). Numerical evaluation of the hysteretic behavior of concentrically braced frames and buckling restrained brace frame systems, Journal of Building Engineering, Volume 22, Pages 415-428

[11] Rohola Rahnavard, Akbar Hassanipour, Ali Mounesi, (2016). Numerical study on important parameters of composite steel-concrete shear walls, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 121 441–456.

[12] Rohola Rahnavard, Akbar Hassanipour, Mohamed Suleiman, Ali Mokhtari, (2017). Evaluation on eccentrically braced frame with single and double shear panel, Journal of Building Engineering 10 13–25

[13] Choi, H., Kim, J., (2006), "Energy-based seismic design of buckling-restrained braced frames using hysteretic energy spectrum ", Engineering Structures, 28(2006), 304-311.

[14] Fahnestock, L. A., Sause, R., and Ricles, J. M., (2006), "Seismic response and performance of buckling-restrained braced frames ", Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, September 2007, pp. 1195-1204.

[15] Mingming Jia, Dagang Lu, Lanhui Guo, Lin Sun, Experimental research and cyclic behavior of buckling-restrained braced composite frame, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 95 (2014) 90–105.

[16] Rohola Rahnavard, Robert J. Thomas, (2018). Numerical Evaluation of the Effects of Fire on Steel Connections; Part 1: Simulation Techniques, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. Vol 12, page 445-453

[17] Rohola Rahnavard, Robert J. Thomas, (2018). Numerical Evaluation of the Effects of Fire on Steel Connections; Part 2: Model results, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. Vol 13, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2018.11.012

[18] Sahar Radkia, Rohola Rahnavard, Farhad Abbas Gandomkar, (2018). Evaluation of the effect of different seismic isolators on the behavior of asymmetric steel sliding structures, Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering, doi: 10.22065/JSCE.2018.114089.1428

[19] R Rahnavard, A Hassanipour, N Siahpolo, (2015). Analytical study on new types of reduced beam section moment connections affecting cyclic behavior, Case Studies in Structural Engineering 3, 33-51.

[20] Kelly, J. M., Skinner, R. I., and Heine, A. J., (1972), "Mechanism of energy absorption in special devices for use in earthquake resistant structures ", Bull. N.Z. Nat. Soc. Earthquake Eng. 5(3):63-88.

[21] Rohola Rahnavard, Navid Siahpolo, Mohammad Naghavi, Akbar Hassanipour, (2014). Analytical Study of Common Rigid Steel Connections under the Effect of Heat, Advances in Civil Engineering, vol. 2014, Article ID 692323, 10 pages. doi:10.1155/2014/692323

[22] Akbar Hassanipour, Rohola Rahnavard, Ali Mokhtari, Najaf Rahnavard, (2016). Numerical investigation on reduces web beam section moment connections under the effects on cyclic loading”, J. Multidiscip. Eng. Sci. Technol.(JMEST) 2 (8), 3159-0040

[23] Rohola Rahnavard, Maziyar Taghi Khaje, Akbar Hassanipour, Navid Siahpolo, (2017). Parametric Study of Seismic Performance of Steel Bridges Pier Rehabilitated with Composite Connection”, Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering, (DOI): 10.22065/JSCE.2017.92128.1259

[24] Rohola Rahnavard, Faramarz Fathi Zadeh Fard, Ali Hosseini, Mohamed Suleiman, (2018). Nonlinear analysis on progressive collapse of tall steel composite buildings, Case Studies in Construction Materials 8 359–379

[25] Sahar Radkia, Farhad Abbas Gandomkar, Rohola Rahnavard, (2018). Seismic Response of Asymmetric Sliding Steel Structure with Considering Soil-Structure Interaction Effects, Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering, doi: 10.22065/JSCE.2018.105638.1384

[26] Rohola Rahnavard, Navid Siahpolo, (2017). “Function comparison between moment frame and moment frame with centrically braces in high-rise steel structure under the effect of progressive collapse, Journal of Structural and Construction Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 4 - Serial Number 14, Page 42-57, doi: 10.22065/jsce.2017.77865.1084



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jbms.v1i1.992

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2019 Mohammad Naghavi, Mohsen Malekinejad


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.