A Dynamic Steganography Method for Web Images with Average Run-Length-Coding

Jin Liu ()
Yiwen Zhang ()


Web page has many redundancies, especially the dynamic html multimedia object. This paper proposes a novel method to employ the commonly used image elements on web pages. Due to the various types of image format and complexity of image contents and their position information, secret message bits could be coded to embed in these complex redundancies. Together with a specific covering code called average run-length-coding, the embedding efficiency could be reduced to  a low level and the resulting capacity outperforms traditional content-based image steganography, which modifies the image data itself and causes a real image quality degradation. Our experiment result demonstrates that the proposed method has limited processing latency and high embedding capacity. What’s more, this method has a low algorithm complexity and less image quality distortion compared with existing steganography methods.


Steganography, Web Image, Covering Codes, Run Length Coding

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jcsr.v3i1.2735


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