Unmanned Drug Delivery Vehicle for COVID-19 Wards in Hospitals

Uttam U. Deshpande (Department of Electronics and Communication Engg., KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, Karnataka, India)
Aditya Barale (Department of Electronics and Communication Engg., KLS Gogte Institute of Technology, Belagavi, Karnataka, India)
V. S. Malemath (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, KLE Dr. M.S. Sheshgiri College of Engineering and Technology, Belagavi, Karnataka, India)


The prime reason for proposing the work is designing and developing a low-cost guided wireless Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) for use in hospitals for assistance in contactless drug delivery in COVID-19 wards. The Robot is designed as per the requirements and technical specifications required for the healthcare facility. After a detailed survey and tests of various mechanisms for steering and structure of UGV, the best mechanism preferred for steering articulated and for body structure is hexagonal as this approach provides decent performance and stability required to achieve the objective. The UGV has multiple sensors onboard, such as a Camera, GPS module, Hydrogen, and Carbon Gas sensor, Raindrop sensor, and an ultrasonic range finder on UGV for the end-user to understand the circumferential environment and status of UGV. The data and control options are displayed on any phone or computer present in the Wi-Fi zones only if the user login is validated. ESP-32 microcontroller is the prime component utilized to establish reliable wireless communication between the user and UGV.

These days, the demand for robot vehicles in hospitals has increased rapidly due to pandemic outbreaks as using this makes a contactless delivery of the medicinal drug. These systems are designed specifically to assist humans in the current situation where life can be at risk for healthcare facilities. In addition, the robot vehicle is suitable for many other applications like supervision, sanitization, carrying medicines and medical equipment for delivery, delivery of food and used dishes, laundry, garbage, laboratory samples, and additional supply.


Unmanned ground vehicle;Surveillance;Wireless communication on Wi-Fi;Healthcare

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jcsr.v3i3.3489


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