Geotechnical Risk Assessment and Geological Origin of Building Fracturation in Agadez City (North Niger)

Baraou Idi Souley (Department of Geology, University of Agadez, Agadez, Niger)
Abdoulwahid Sani (Department of Geology, University of Agadez, Agadez, Niger)
Abdoul Wahab Djibo Maïga (High Authority for Atomic Energy of Niger (HANEA, Niger), OTICE, Niamey, Niger)
Moussa Konaté (Department of Geology, University of Niamey, Niamey, Niger)

Article ID: 4697

Abstract


The Agadez city is built on the faulted and fractured sandstones formation of the “Agadez Sandstones”, which deposit in unconformity on the Precambrian basement of the Aïr Mountain. The present study focuses on the geotechnical risk assessment and geological origin of building fracturation in Agadez city. A methodological approach integrating measurement of fractures planes affecting the buildings and their statistical analysis has been implemented. Statistical analysis of obtained data showed that in 100 fractured buildings, about 3% buildings are at risk of collapse (very high risk), 64% buildings are fractured (medium risk of collapse), and 34% buildings are cracked (lower risk of collapse). These results showed as well that the nature of the material (rheology) influences the buildings fracturation. Indeed, the buildings made from cement are more easily fractured than buildings made from clay materials. Statistical analysis of fracture planes reveals that the geotechnical risk associated with buildings fracturation propagates in NW-SE, corresponding to the major directions of risk propagation, mainly dipping in northwest sectors (zones) of the Agadez city. The interpretation of geological and geophysical data combined to those obtained in the case of this study, reveals that the risk associated with buildings fracturation in Agadez city is caused by geological seismic events and or anthropogenic activities (explosive firing on the uranium mining sites like Somaïr and Cominak).


Keywords


Geotechnical risks; Geological origin; Buildings fracturation; Fractures; Cracks; Faults; Agadez city; Niger

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jees.v4i2.4697

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