The Experimental WSN Network for Underground Monitoring H2 Abundance in the Mine Atmosphere Karnasurt Mine Lovozero Layered Alkaline Intrusion

Alex Michailovic Asavin (V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry RAS, Moscow)
Puha V. V. (Geological Institute Kola Scientific Centre RAS, Apatity)
Baskakov S. S. (Moscow State Technical University, Moscow)
Chesalova E. I. (State Geological Museum RAS, Moscow)
Litvinov A. V. (National Research Nuclear University “MEPFI”, Moscow)

Abstract


We have developed specialized equipment based on mini-MDM hydrogen sensors and the WSN telecommunication technology for long-term monitoring of hydrogen content in the environment. Unlike existing methods, the developed equipment makes it possible to carry out measurements directly in the explosion zone with high discreteness in time. This equipment was tested at a large rare-earth deposit of the Lovozero Alkaline Pluton Karnasurt in the underground mining tunnel. We observed a short time very high concentration of hydrogen in the atmosphere (more than 3 orders of normal atmosphere concentration). This discovery is very important because at the time of the explosion one can create abnormally high concentrations of explosive mixtures of hydrocarbon gases that can lead to accidents. The high resolving power of the measurement equipment makes it possible to determine the shape of the anomaly hydrogen of such a concentration and to calculate the volumes of hydrogen released from the rocks, at first time in the practice. The shape of the anomaly usually consists of 2-3 additional peaks of the shape - "dragon-head-like peak". We make an first attempt is made to explain this form of anomaly in the article. The aim of the work in the estimation hydrogen emission in mining ore deposit rare earth elements.


Keywords


Hydrogen、Gas monitoring、WSN、Mining deposit、Environment ecology

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v1i2.1656

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Copyright © 2020 Alex Michailovic Asavin, Puha V. V., Baskakov S. S., Chesalova E. I., Litvinov A. V.


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