User and Systems Requirement Framework for Electronic Land Registration Systems Decentralisation in Ghana

Williams Miller Appau (SD Dombo University for Business and Integrated Development Studies, Department of Real Estate and Land Management, Wa, Upper West, Ghana)
Samson Akanvose Aziabah (SD Dombo University for Business and Integrated Development Studies, Department of Real Estate and Land Management, Wa.)
Florence Abugtane Avogo (SD Dombo University for Business and Integrated Development Studies, Department of Planning, Wa, Upper West, Ghana)

Abstract


Although land registration systems are constantly changing based on entrenched institutional frameworks, they cannot fulfill their technical objectives. Technical designs based on loopholes in the existing land registration system are the common steps in advanced countries. However, the missing link between the implementation of technical designs and their uses and users, affect the prospects of land registration decentralisation in developing countries. User and System requirements are used to integrate and enhance land registration services delivery across land information systems. This study assesses and develops framework for decentralised electronic land registration systems in Ghana. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect user and system requirement data from clients and technical staff of the Lands Commission in Accra. The framework pointed out five main policy outline strategies. These include land registration process modeling (process reduction and turnaround time monitoring), technical function (file tracking), the effect of changes in the registration loupe and absorption of land registration report, land registration workflow improvement, and the use of aerial images. The study recommends a systemic monitoring and evaluation of staff job roles.


Keywords


Land tenure; Land administration; Land registration; Land information system; Workflow; Modeling

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Aydinoglu, A. C., & Bovkir, R. (2017). Generic land registry and cadastre data model supporting interoperability based on international standards for Turkey. Land Use Policy, 68(March 2016), 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.07.029.

[2] Azadegan, A., Papamichail, K. N., & Sampaio, P. (2013). Computers in Industry Applying collaborative process design to user requirements elicitation : A case study. Computers in Industry, 64(7), 798-812. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2013.05.001.

[3] Barry, M., & Danso, E. K. (2014). Tenure security, land registration and customary tenure in a peri-urban Accra community. Land Use Policy, 39, 358-365. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.01.017.

[4] Bennett, R., Tambuwala, N., Rajabifard, A., Wallace, J., & Williamson, I. (2013). On recognizing landadministration as critical, public good infrastructure. Land Use Policy, 30(1), 84-93. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.02.004.

[5] Biitir B. S., Miller, A.W., Musah, I, C, (2020). Land Administration Reforms: Institutional Design for Land Registration System in Ghana. Journal of Land and Rural Studies. SAGE. 1-25. DOI: 10.1177/2321024920968326.

[6] Dennis, A., Wixom, B. H., & Roth, R. M. (2012). System Analysis and Design. (B. L. Golub & E. Mills, Eds.) (5th ed.). United States of America: Don Fowley.

[7] Didigwu Augustus, O. O. M. (2016). The importance of cadastral survey information for effective land administration in Nigeria. International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research, 4(1), 26-32.

[8] Ehwi, R. J., & Asante, L. A. (2016). Ex-Post Analysis of Land Title Registration in Ghana Since 2008 Merger: Accra Lands Commission in Perspective. SAGE Open, 6(2). https://doi. org/10.1177/2158244016643351.

[9] Enemark, S., Bell, K., Lemmen, C., & Mclaren, R. (2014). Building Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration Systems (Engaging the Challenges, Enhancing the Relevance). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

[10] Flego, V., & Roi, M. (2018). Land tenure registration on the marine areas in Croatia, (July 2017). https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.03.008.

[11] Furuholt, B., & Oystein, S. (2015). Land Information System for Development ( LIS4D ): A Stakeholder Perspective. In J. . Steyn, J., Van Belle (Ed.), 9th IDIA conference: Beyond development. Time for a new ICT4D paradigm (pp. 286-298). Nungwi, Zanzibar: IDIA.

[12] Hussain, A., Mkpojiog, E. O. C., & Kamal, F. M. (2016). The Role of Requirements in the Success or Failure of Software Projects. International Review of Management and Marketing, (2146-4405).

[13] Jacobs, G., & Orlova, N. (2014). Development and Implementation of Land Information Systems : Building an Effective Partnership to Reform Uganda’ s Land Administration and Management System (FIG Congress 2014, Engaging the Challenges - Enhancing the Relevance Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

[14] Kalantari, M., Dinsmore, K., Urban-karr, J., & Rajabifard, A. (2015). Land Use Policy A roadmap to adopt the Land Administration Domain Model in cadastral information systems. Land Use Policy, 49, 552-564. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.12.019.

[15] Kurwakumire, E. (2014). Digital Cadastres Facilitating Land Information Management. South African Journal of Geomatics, 3(1), 64-77.

[16] Lemmen C., Oosterom P. V., Uitermark Harry, Z. K. de. (2013). Land Administration Domain Model is an ISO Standard Now. In Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty (p. 21). World Bank, Washington DC: World Bank.

[17] Liang, Y., Sun, W., Diao, H., & Li, Y. (2011). The Design and Development of the Land Management System in Dingzhuang Town Based on Spatial Data, 57-65.

[18] Lorenzo Cotula, Camilla Toulmin, C. H. (2004). Land Tenure and Administration in Africa: Lessons of Experience and Emerging Issues. London: SMI distribution services.

[19] Mburu, P. N. (2017). Strategies to modernize the land registration system in Kenya. University of Groningen.

[20] Mitchell, D., Mwasumbi, A., Plessis, J. Du, Sait, S., Barnes, G., & Todorovski, D. (2017). Towards a Curriculum on Responsible Land Administration. In B. World (Ed.), 2017 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty (pp. 1-11). Washington DC.

[21] Mogk, N. W. (2014). A Requirements Management System based on an Optimization Model of the Design Process. Procedia - Procedia Computer Science, 28(Cser), 221-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.procs.2014.03.028.

[22] Mwangi, E., Patrick, E., Kagwanja, J., Adams, M., Turner, S., Mcauslan, P., & Kameri-mbote, P. (2006). Land Rights for African Development From Knowledge to Action. Washington DC ; World Bank.

[23] Oput, R., Milledrogues, A., & Burke, C. (2018). Implementation of the national land information system in Uganda: Strengthining land governance (world bank conference on land and poverty). Washington DC ; World Bank.

[24] Oshana, R. (2015). System Requirements. In K. Fowler (Ed.), Developing and Managing Embedded Systems and Products. Methods, Techniques, Tools, Processes, and Teamwork (pp. 159-188). The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford UK: Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-405879- 8.00006-4.

[25] Silva, S. K. (2010). Design of a conceptual land information management model for the rural cadastre in brazil. University of New Brunswick.

[26] Sittie, R. (2006). Land Title Registration . The Ghanaian Experience. In XXIII FIG Congress, Shaping the Change (p. 11). Munich, Germany: FIG.

[27] Stig, E., Clifford, K. B., Christiaan, L., & Robin, M. (2014). Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration.International Federation of Surveyors (FIG). https:// doi.org/https://www.fig.net/resources/publications/ figpub/pub60/Figpub60.pdf.

[28] Thuy, L. E. P., Zevenbergen, J., & Lemmen, C. (2012). Investigating the Conformity between the Land Administration Domain Model and the Vietnamese Land Administration System (Knowing to manage the territory, protect the environment, evaluate the cultural heritage No. 5545). Rome, Italy.

[29] Todorovski, D. (2006). Developing an ICT Strategy for the State Authority for Geodetic Works in the Republic of Macedonia. Univeristy of Twente, ITC.

[30] Todorovski, D., & Lemmen, C. (2007). Analyses of User Requirements - The First Step towards Strategic Integration of Surveying and Cadastral Services Analyses of User (Integration Approaches in Land Administration). Hong Kong SAR, China.

[31] USDA. (2018). System Requirements Specification for stewards. Conservation Effects Assessment Project.

[32] Wang, Y., Yu, S., & Xu, T. (2017). Advanced Engineering Informatics. A user requirement driven framework for collaborative design knowledge management. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 33, 16-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aei.2017.04.002.

[33] Zevenbergen, J. Systems of land registration aspects and effects. PhD thesis, editors Prof.dr.ir. M.J.M. Bogaerts,Prof.dr.mr. J. de Jong.Delft University. NCG, Nederlandse Commissie voor Geodesie, Netherlands Geodetic Commission, Delft (November 11, 2002). NCG Nederlandse Commissie voor Geodesie. Retrieved from http://www.narcis.nl/publication/RecordID/oai%3Atudelft.nl%3Auuid%3A44e404e9-c1e9- 4c20-b1e1-977ee9c11570.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jeisr.v3i2.3692

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s)


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.