Post-surgery Quality of Life in Patients with Acromegaly Using SF36 Quality of Life Questionnaire-prospective Study

Manoj Gedam (Department of Endocrinology, Guwahati Medical College, Assam, India)
Dipti Sarma (Department of Endocrinology, Guwahati Medical College, Assam, India)

Abstract


Introduction: Acromegaly is chronic progressive disease with multisystem involvement characterised by an excess secretion of growth hormone and increased circulating insulin like growth factor 1 concentration.
Aims and Objectives: To assess surgical outcome of acromegaly patients at tertiary care institute using SF 36 quality of life questionnaire. SF-36 scores comprise 3 components: the physical component summary (PCS), the mental component summary (MCS) and role-social component summary (RCS).30 acromegaly patients admitted in Guwahati medical college were enrolled in study and followed up post operatively for surgical remission. All participants completed the SF-36 preoperatively, 1 year and 2 years postoperatively.
Material and Method: Out of 30 patients 6 patients had surgical remission post operatively on the basis of postoperative glucose suppressed GH Level done after 12 weeks. Preoperatively subscale scores (physical functioning, role physical, general health) which were below the set standards for the normal population show significant postoperative improvements along with mental health (MH) scores. Similarly, PCS, MCS and RCS scores changed significantly after surgery. We also compared the QOL of 6 patients whose peak GH level was < 0.4 µg/L during postoperative oral glucose tolerance testing with those patients whose nadir GH level was ≥ 0.4 µg/L. There was significant difference between partial and complete remission group in subscale score role physical, social function and mental health. Similarly, PCS and RCS score significantly different in partial and complete remission group than MCS score.
Conclusions: QOL is considerably reduced in patients with acromegaly compared to general population which improves significantly after surgical treatment. Patients achieving the new remission criteria had significant improvement in physical and social components than those who did not.


Keywords


Acromegaly;Quality of life;SF-36 score

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jer.v3i2.3531

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