Complementary of Nursing Care for an Elderly Family: Management of Hypertension and Smoking Behaviour

Imelda Rahmayunia Kartka (Nursing Program, Health Faculty, Fort De Kock University, Bukittinggi, Indonesia)
Mulya Ulfa (Nursing Program, Health Faculty, Fort De Kock University, Bukittinggi, Indonesia)

Abstract


Background: An elderly was closed to some medical problem, especially hypertension. Problems that occur in elderly patients with hypertension not only involve the patient itself but also involve the family as the closest person to the patient. One important aspect of family nursing is the family itself. To achieve good treatment outcomes, implementation of evidence-based nursing is needed. The purpose of this study is to present the implementation of evidence-based nursing to an eldelry in a family bu using coconut water to reduce high blood pressure and progressive muscle relaxation therapy to reduce pain intensity in hypertensive patients, as well as acupressure therapy in stopping smoking that is applied 1 week each other. Method: In the implementation, complementary therapy is applied to hypertensive patients by given young coconut water and progressive muscle relaxation therapy, and acupressure therapy in an effort to stop smoking. Results: showed significant results in the reduction of high blood pressure before being given an intervention was TD: 200/100 mmHg and after being given the intervention obtained TD: 140/80 mmHg and decreased pain intensity in hypertensive patients using relaxation therapy, as well as a decrease in the number of cigarettes smoked with acupressure therapy for 1 week. Conclusion: The application of complementary therapy carried out showed improvement in elderly patients suffering from hypertension and smoking behaviour, therefore, the application of evidence based nursing in providing nursing care is recommended. Suggestion: Complementary Nursing Case Study this is expended to be a reference material to improve health services and provide an overview in carrying out complementary nursing care to families, especially an elderly with comprehensive cases of hypertension (bio, psycho, social and spiritual).


Keywords


Elderly;Hypertension;Coconut Water;Family;Progressive muscle Relaxation

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Perera, A. Gunawardena, and P. P. M. Gunatilaka, “Sri Lanka,” in Social Security for the Elderly: Experiences from South Asia, 2014.

R. T. de Almeida and S. I. Ciosak, “Communication between the elderly person and the Family Health Team: Is there integrality?,” Rev. Lat. Am. Enfermagem, 2013.

Perry and Potter, Fundamentals of Nursing, 9th ed. Philadelphia: Stokert Hall, 2016.

L. Widowati and Nurhayati, “The Use of Traditional Health Care Among Indonesian Family,” Heal. Sci. J. Indones., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 30–35, 2017.

J. R. Kaakinen, V. Gedaly-Duff, D. P. Coehlo, and S. M. H. Hanson, Family health care nursing. 2015.

E. Pinto, “Blood pressure and ageing,” Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2007.

M. Wehling, “Arterial hypertension,” in Drug Therapy for the Elderly, 2013.

WHO, “HEALTH IN 2015: FROM MDGs TO SDGs,” 2015.

National Institute for Health Research & Development, “Riset Kesehatan Dasar (National Health Survey),” Minist. Heal. Repub. Indones., 2013.

F. B. & I. R. K. Puti Rania Yulastari, “Terapi Musik Untuk Pasien Hipertensi: A Literatur Review,” REAL Nurs. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 56–65, 2019.

D. F. Polit and C. T. Beck, “Generalization in quantitative and qualitative research: Myths and strategies,” Int. J. Nurs. Stud., 2010.

T. Tarwoto, M. Mumpuni, and W. Widagdo, “Pengaruh Konsumsi Air Kelapa Terhadap Tekanan Darah Pada Pasien Hipertensi,” Qual. J. Kesehat., 2018.

N. Setyaningrum, I. Permana, and F. A. Yuniarti, “Progressive Muscle Relaxation dan Slow Deep Breathing pada Penderita Hipertensi,” J. Persat. Perawat Nas. Indones., 2018.

P. A. Sarafidis and G. L. Bakris, “Resistant Hypertension. An Overview of Evaluation and Treatment,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2008.

Rahmasari Ikrima, “Progressive Muscle Relaxatiom Can Reduce Headache,” J. Kesehat., vol. 2, no. 2, 2015.

B. F. Catharine, “Efektifitas Terapi Seft (Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique) Terhadap Penurunan Intensitas Merokok Di Klinik Berhenti Merokok Uptd Puskesmas Kecamatan Pontianak Kota,” Naskah Publ., 2016.

A. White, H. Rampes, and E. Ernst, “Acupuncture for smoking cessation,” in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2002.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jgm.v2i3.2330

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2020 Imelda Rahmayunia Kartka, Mulya Ulfa Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.