The Genetic Mechanism of Inertinite in the Middle Jurassic Inertinite-Rich Coal Seams of the Southern Ordos Basin

Dongdong Wang (College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong, 266590, China)
Qiang Mao (College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong, 266590, China)
Guoqi Dong (College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong, 266590, China)
Shipeng Yang (Shandong Institute of Geological Survey, Ji’nan Shandong 250013, China)
Dawei Lv (College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong, 266590, China)
Lusheng Yin (College of Earth Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao Shandong, 266590, China)

Abstract


Inertinite is an important type of organic maceral in coal deposits, andalso an important geological information carrier of coal forming environments. In the southern section of the Ordos Basin, the No. 4 inertinite-richcoal seam of the Middle Jurassic Yan’an Formation in the Binchang Coalfield was selected as an example to study the genetic mechanism of theinertinite. In this study, the results obtained from experimental tests ofcoal rock, including principal and trace elements, stable carbon isotopes,scanning electron microscopy, inertinite reflectance, sporopollen andfree radical retorting methods, were analyzed. Then, the findings werecombined with the previous understanding of the oxygen content in theatmosphere and ground fire characteristics, in order to discuss the genesismechanism of inertinite in the No. 4 coal seam. The obtained researchresults were as follows: (1) During the coal forming period of the No. 4coal seam, the overall climate had been relatively dry. There were fourrelatively dry-wet climate cycles in the No.4 coal seam, which werecontrolled by the eccentricity astronomical period. The inertinite contentwere relatively high during the dry periods; (2) The temperature rangesuitable for microorganism activities during the oxidation processes wasbetween 0 and 80℃ . The simulation results of the free radical concentrations showed that the maximum temperature of fusain in the No. 4 coalseam during the process of coalification had not exceeded 300℃ , whichwas significantly higher than the temperature range of microorganismactivities. Therefore, these were not conducive to the activities of microorganism and formation of inertinite during the coal-forming period;(3) The genesis temperature of the inertinite in the No. 4 coal seam wascalculated according to the reflectance of the inertinite, which was lowerthan 400 ℃ . This result supported the cause of wildfire of the inertiniteand reflected that the type of wildfire was mainly ground fire, along withpartially surface fire. Moreover, the paleogeographic location, climaticconditions, atmospheric oxygen concentration, etc. of the study areashowed that the conditions for wildfire events were in fact available; (4)There were dense and scattered fusinite observed in the No. 4 coal seam,and the thickness of cell walls were found to differ. It was speculated thatthis was related to the type of wildfire, combustion temperatures, combustion timeframes, and different initial conditions of the burned objectsduring the coal forming periods.

Keywords


Inertinite-rich coal ;Wildfire events; Oxidation effects; Genetic mechanism ;Jurassic Period; Ordos Basin

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References


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