Review of Groundwater Potentials and Groundwater Hydrochemistry of Semi-arid Hadejia-Yobe Basin, North-eastern Nigeria

Saadu Umar Wali (Department of Geography, Federal University Birnin kebbi, P.M.B 1157. Kebbi State, Nigeria)
Ibrahim Mustapha Dankani (Department of Geography, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, P.M.B. 2346. Sokoto State, Nigeria)
Sheikh Danjuma Abubakar (Department of Geography, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, P.M.B. 2346. Sokoto State, Nigeria)
Murtala Abubakar Gada (Department of Geography, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, P.M.B. 2346. Sokoto State, Nigeria)
Abdulqadir Abubakar Usman (Department of Geography, Federal University Birnin kebbi, P.M.B 1157. Kebbi State, Nigeria)
Ibrahim Mohammad Shera (Department of Geography, Federal University Birnin kebbi, P.M.B 1157. Kebbi State, Nigeria)
Kabiru Jega Umar (Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Federal University Birnin kebbi, P.M.B 1157. Kebbi State, Nigeria)


Understanding the hydrochemical and hydrogeological physiognomies ofsubsurface water in a semi-arid region is important for the effective management of water resources. This paper presents a thorough review of thehydrogeology and hydrochemistry of the Hadejia-Yobe basin. The hydrochemical and hydrogeological configurations as reviewed indicated that the Chad Formation is the prolific aquifer in the basin. Boreholes piercing theGundumi formation have a depth ranging from 20-85 meters. The hydrochemical composition of groundwater revealed water of excellent quality,as all the studied parameters were found to have concentrations withinWHO and Nigeria’s standard for drinking water quality. However, furtherstudies are required for further evaluation of water quality index, heavymetal pollution index, and irrigation water quality. Also, geochemical, andstable isotope analysis is required for understanding the provenance of salinity and hydrogeochemical controls on groundwater in the basin.


Hydrogeology; Sedimentary aquifers; Basement complex terrain ;Physical parameters;Chemical parameters

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