Deforestation and Habitat Loss: Human Causes, Consequences and Possible Solutions

Tombari Bodo (Centre for Integrated Environmental Management and Advanced Research, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria)
Batombari Gbidum Gimah (Department of Adult Education (Environmental Adult Education Option), Faculty of Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Iwofe, Rivers State, Nigeria)
Kemetonye Joy Seomoni (Department of Adult Education (Environmental Adult Education Option), Faculty of Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Iwofe, Rivers State, Nigeria)

Article ID: 3059

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v4i2.3059

Abstract


Deforestation leads to habitat loss while preservation and conservation of the natural forest increase biological diversity. Multiple factors have been reported to be responsible for deforestation and habitat loss, which could either be of human or natural origin.Natural causes of deforestation could be as a result of forest fires, droughts, exotic animals, floods, overpopulation of foreign animals and climate change. That notwithstanding, human activities are among the principal causes of global deforestation and habitat loss with agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining,oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development as some examples of these human influences. This study identifies agricultural activities and urbanization as the chief causes of human induced deforestation and habitat loss on a large scale. The simple and more practicable approach to curb the already alarming effects of deforestation and habitat loss is through environmental education of everyone still surviving on our planet.Environmental education is the key to reversing continuous and deliberate human actions through the protection of every natural forest and afforestation where necessary.


Keywords


Deforestation;Habitat loss;Environmental education;Agricultural expansion;Urbanisation

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References


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