Gendered Perceptions of Climate Variability and Change among Local Communities Living around Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda

F. S. Nalwanga (Department of Environmental Management, Makerere University, Uganda)
M. Sowman (Department of Geography, University of Cape Town, South Africa)
P. I. Mukwaya (Department of Geography, Geo-Informatics and Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda)
P Musali (Department of Geography, Geo-Informatics and Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda)
A. Nimusiima (Department of Geography, Geo-Informatics and Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda)
I. Mugume (Department of Geography, Geo-Informatics and Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda)
H. Opedes (Department of Geography, Geo-Informatics and Climatic Sciences, Makerere University, Uganda)
G. N. Nabonoga (Department of Forestry, Bio diversity and Tourism, Makerere University, Uganda)

Abstract


Climate change affects both men and women which, in turn, shapes their varied and contrasting perceptions of climate variability and change. This paper examined the gendered perceptions of climate variability and change among local communities in Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda.The objectives are threefold: - identify climatic shocks faced by the local communities; examine the perceptions of men and women of climate variability and change; and to compare their perceptions with empirical meteorological data. This study employed both qualitative and quantitative methods, with data collected from 215 respondents using survey, interviews and focused group discussions. From the findings, indicators of climate variability and change included reduced flooding events, occurrence of human diseases, increasing crop pests and diseases, dry spells and intensity of rains. There was increasing significant temperatures while rainfall was declining. Both male and female significantly associated with increasing temperatures and reduced flooding events. While climatic shocks affected both males and females, the impact was more pronounced depending on distinct livelihood activities and roles and responsibilities undertaken. The study concluded that people’s perceptions of climate change should be taken on by the government and integrated in the national climate programs that support people’s livelihoods and survival mechanisms.


Keywords


Gender; Climate change; Perceptions; Local community; National park

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v4i4.3637

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