Using Landsat Images to Determine Water Storing Capacity in Mediterranean Environments

Gema Marco Dos Santos (Departament of Agrochemistry and Environment, University Miguel Hernández of Elche, Edif, Alcudia, Elche, 03202, Spain)
Jose Navarro-Pedreño (Departament of Agrochemistry and Environment, University Miguel Hernández of Elche, Edif, Alcudia, Elche, 03202, Spain)
Ignacio Meléndez-Pastor (Departament of Agrochemistry and Environment, University Miguel Hernández of Elche, Edif, Alcudia, Elche, 03202, Spain)
Ignacio Gómez Lucas (Departament of Agrochemistry and Environment, University Miguel Hernández of Elche, Edif, Alcudia, Elche, 03202, Spain)

Abstract


Reservoirs play an important role in water management and are key elements for water supply. Monitoring is needed in order to guarantee the quantity and quality of stored water. However, this task is sometimes not easy. The objective of this study was to develop a procedure for predicting volume of stored water with remote sensing in water bodies under Mediterranean climate conditions. To achieve this objective,multispectral Landsat 7 and 8 images (NASA) were analyzed for the following five reservoirs: La Serena,La Pedrera, Beniarrés, Cubillas and Negratín (Spain). Reservoirs water surface was computed with the spectral angle mapper (SAM) algorithm.After that, cross-validation regression models were computed in order to assess the capability of water surface estimations to predict stored water in each of the reservoirs. The statistical models were trained with Landsat 7 images and were validated by using Landsat 8 images. Our results suggest a good capability of water volume prediction from free satellite imagery derived from surface water estimations. Combining free remote sensing images and open source GIS algorithms can be a very useful tool for water management and an integrated and efficient way to control water storage,especially in low accessible sites.


Keywords


Climate change; Decision-making tools; GIS; Reservoir; Water storage

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v4i4.3780

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