A review of Landsat TM/ETM based vegetation indices as applied to wetland ecosystems.

Jose Navarro Pedreño, Gema Marco Dos Santos, Ignacio Meléndez-Pastor, Ignacio Gómez Lucas


A review of vegetation indices as applied to Landsat-TM and ETM+ multispectral data is presented. The review focuses on indices that have been developed to produce biophysical information about vegetation biomass/greenness, moisture and pigments.

In addition, a set of biomass/greenness and moisture content indices are tested in a Mediterranean semiarid wetland environment to determine their appropriateness and potential for carrying redundant information.

The results indicate that most vegetation indices used for biomass/greenness mapping produce similar information and are statistically well correlated. 


Greenness determination; Mediterranean wetland areas; Moisture estimation; Remote sensing; Vegetation spectral indices; Thematic Mapper sensor

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