Athletic Participation and Academic Achievement of High School Students: A Longitudinal Study of Athletic and Non-Athletic Participants

Robert F. McCarthy (Weymouth High School, Massachusetts, USA)

Abstract


The majority of extant research studies have established that high school students’ athletic participation is positively associated with several educational outcomes, including academic performance. However, the effect of long-term athletic participation on academic performance remains unclear. Using a longitudinal data of 220 students from a high school in eastern Massachusetts of the United States, this study has revealed that athletic participants in this school started with a statistically significant higher GPA than non-participants in the first year of study, and have continued to be higher in the following two years, lag behind significantly, however, in academic achievement growth from their non-participation counterparts. The results of the study call for thoughtful decision-making regarding sports programs and athletic policies, proper guidance and adequate support for athletes and an optimal sport-academic culture in American high schools.

Keywords


High School, Athletic Participation, Academic Achievement, Zero-sum Perspective, Developmental Perspective

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Bandura, A. (1995). Self-efficacy in changing societies. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

[2] Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman.

[3] Bowen, D. H., & Greene, J. P. (2012). Does athletic success come at the expense of academic success?. Journal of Research in Education, 22(2), 1-22.

[4] Broh, B.A. (2002). Linking extracurricular programming to academic achievement: Who benefits and why? Sociology of Education, 75(1), 69-95.

[5] Carlson, D., Scott, L., Planty, M., & Thompson, J. (2005). Statistics in brief: What is the status of high school athletes 8 years after their senior year? Washington, DC: Education Statistics Services Institute.

[6] Coleman, J.S. (1961). Athletics in high school. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 338(1), 33-43.

[7] Crosnoe, R. (2001). The social world of male and female athletes in high school. Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, 8, 87-108.

[8] Eide, E.R., & Ronan, N. (2001). Is participation in high school athletics an investment or a consumption good? Evidence for high school and beyond. Economics of Education Review, 20(5), 431-442.

[9] Fejgin, N. (1994). Participation in high school competitive sports: A subversion of school mission or contribution to academic goals? Sociology of Sport Journal, 11(3), 211-230.

[10] Hauser, W.J., & Lueptow, L.B. (1978). Participation in athletics and academic achievement: A replication and extension. The Sociological Quarterly, 19(2), 304-309.

[11] Holland, A., & Andre, T. (1987). Participation in extracurricular activities in secondary school: What is known, what needs to be known? Review of Educational Research, 57(4), 437-466.

[12] Jordan, W. J. (1999). Black high school students’ participation in school-sponsored sports activities: Effects on school engagement and achievement. Journal of Negro Education, 68(1), 54-71. doi: 10.2307/266820

[13] Lueptow, L. B., & Kayser, B. D. (1973). Athletic involvement, academic achievement, and aspiration. Sociological Focus, 7, 24-36.

[14] Manlove, K.J. (2013). The impact of extracurricular athletic activities on academic achievement, disciplinary referrals, and school attendance among Hispanic female 11th grade students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

[15] Marsh, H.W. (1988). Extracurricular activities: Beneficial extension of the traditional curriculum or subversion of academic goals? Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(4), 553-562.

[16] Marsh, H. W., & Kleitman, S. (2003). School athletic participation: Mostly gain with little pain. Journal of Sports and Exercise Psychology, 25(2), 205-229.

[17] National Federation of State High School Associations. (2015). 2014-15 high school athletics participation survey. Retrieved from http://www.nfhs.org/ParticipationStatics/PDF/2014-15_Participation_Survey_Results.pdf

[18] National Federation of State High School Associations. (n.d.). Mission statement. Retrieved from https://www.nfhs.org/who-we-are/missionstatement

[19] Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2012). PISA 2012 results in focus: What 15-year-olds know and what they can do with what they know. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-overview.pdf

[20] Ripley, A. (October, 2013). The case against high-school sports. The Atlantic, 312(3), 72-78.

[21] Snyder, E. E., & Spreitzer, E. (1990). High school athletic participation as related to college attendance among Black, Hispanic, and White males. Youth & Society, 21(3), 390-398.

[22] Spreitzer, E.S., & Pugh, M. (1973). Interscholastic athletics and educational expectations. Sociology of Education, 46(2), 171-182.

[23] Stencel, J. R. (2005). A study of the relationship between interscholastic athletic participation and academic achievement for a group of Tennessee high school students (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.

[24] Stevenson, C.L. (1975). Socialization effects of participation in sport: A critical review of the research. Research Quarterly, 46, 290-292.

[25] Up2us. (n.d.). Decline of youth sports. Retrieved from https://0ea29dd9a16d63dcc571-314f1dcf5bee97a05ffca38f060fb9e3.ssl.cf1.rackcdn.com/uploads/center_resource/document/561/Decline_of_Youth_Sports.pdf

[26] U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.). Progress in our schools. Retrieved from http://www.ed.gov/k-12reforms

[27] Videon, T. M. (2002). Who plays and who benefits: Gender, interscholastic athletics, and academic outcomes. Sociological Perspectives, 45(4), 415-444.

[28] Whitley, R. L. (1999). Those “dumb jocks’ are at it again: A comparison of the educational performances of athletes and non-athletes in North Carolina high schools from 1993 through 1996. The High School Journal, 82(4), 223-233.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v2i2%20n%203.1256

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2019 Robert F McCarthy


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.