Education, Political Trust, and Perceptions of Distributive Justice——An Empirical Research in China

Yali Jiang (Sichuan International Studies University)

Abstract


Using data from the General Social Survey of Wuhan in 2014, this paper designs three paths to analyze the direct and indirect effects between education and perception of distributive justice   income. The first path explores whether education directly affects people’s feeling of distributive justice. The second path connects education to socioeconomic status in to determine whether higher status creates a higher perception of distributive justice. The last path introduces political trust as mediating variable to evaluate the relationship between political trust and justice perception. Results show that only education can promote the feeling of justice through improving people’s political trust.


Keywords


Education, Political Trust, Perceptions of Distributive Justice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Martin King Whyte. 2009. “Views of Chinese Citizens on Current Inequalities.” Sociological Studies (1):96-120.

Xiuhua Huang.2008. “The Position and Role of Political Equity in the Realization of Social Fairness.” The Theory and Reform (2): 19-22.

Jun Li, and Xiaogang Wu. 2012. “Income Inequality and Distributive Justice: An Empirical

Analysis of Urban Residents’ View of Equity in Transitional China.” Social Science in China (3):114-128.

Liu Jingming. 2006. “The Change of Labor Market Structure and Returns on Human Capital.” Sociological Studies (6): 89-119.

Xin Liu. 2002. “Relative deprivation and class-consciousness.” Sociological Studies (1):81-90.

Xin Liu. 2005.”The Multi-dimensional Dynamic Basis of Social Stratification in Contemporary China: A Power Generation Explanation.” Social Science in China (4):101-114.

Deyong Ma. 2007. “ Political Trust and Its Origin of Social Stratification in Contemporary China: A Power Generation Explanation.” Social Science in China (5):79-86.

Lei Ma, and Xin Liu. 2010. “People's Perception of Distributive Justice in Urban China.” Sociological Studies (5):31-49.

Tianguang Meng. 2012. “Chinese People’s Perception of Distributive Justice in Transitional China: Outcome Justice and Opportunity Justice.” Sociology(6):108-134.

Tianguang Meng. 2014. “Political Trust in Transitional China: Measurement Approaches and Overall Perspectives.” Journal of Huazhong Normal University (Humanities and Social Sciences) (2):1-10.

Fuqin Wang. 2010. “Human Capital, Labor Market Segmentation and Income Distribution.” Sociology (1):109-126.

Dingjun Weng. 2010. “Psychological Factors in Class or Class Consciousness: the Perception of fairness and Attitude.” Sociological Studies (1):85-110.

Yu Xie. 2010. “Understanding the Inequality in China.” Sociology (3):1-20.

Zhiju Xie. 2011. “Meaning,Level (Structure) and Measurement of Political Trust ——On the Review of Relevant Studies in Chinese and Western Academia.” Journal of Nanchang University (4):10-15.

Jinjun Xu, and Xiaochun Gao. 2011. “The Outcomes of Education on Income Growth and Income Disparity in Urban China.” Chinese Population Science (2): 2-13.

Jian Yan. 2008. “Trust between Politics and Society.” Journal of Nanchang University (1):26-31.

Wenhong Zhang, and Dan Ma. 2015. “Socio-economic Status,Democratic Concept and Political Trust,Growth and Income Disparity in Urban China.” Chinese Population Science (1):52-62.

Adams, J. S.,1965. “Inequity in social ex-change”.Adv. Exp.Soc.Psychol(2):267-299. .

Cook, K. S., and Lk Hegtvedt, K. A.,1986, “Justice and Power: An exchange analysis.” In H. W.Bierhoff, R. L. Cohen and J. Greenberg (Eds) , Justice in social relations. New York:Plenum.

Ellen S. Cohn, Susan O., White and Joseph Sanders. 2000,“Distributive and Procedural Justice in Seven Nations”. Law and Human Behavior (24):553-579.

Heather J. Smith, andTom R. Tyler.1996. “Justice and power: when will justice concerns encourage the advantaged to support policies which redistribute economic resources and the disadvantaged to willingly obey the law?” European Journal of Social Psychology (26):171-200.

Homans, G. C. 1961. Social behavior: its elementary forms. New York Harcourt, Brace,Jovanovich.

Kabanoff, B.1991.“Equity, equality, power and conflict”. Academy of Mangement Review(16):416-441.

Karen S. Cook,Karen A. Hegtvedt.1983.“Distributive Justice, Equity, and Equality.” Annual Review of Sociology (9):217-241.

Lind, E. A., Kanfer, R., Earley, P. C..1990. “Voice, control and procedural justice: instrumental and noinstrumental concerns in fairness judgments”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (59):952-959.

Lind, E. A., Kulik, C. T., Ambrose, M., & de Vera Park, M. V. ,1993. “Individual and corporate dispute resolution: using precedural fairness as a decision heuristic.” Administrative Science Quaterly (38):224-251.

Lind, E. A., Tyler, T. R.,1988.The social psychology of procedural justice. New York: Plenum Press.

Norma J. Shepelak,and Duane F. Alwin.1986.“Beliefs about Inequality and Perceptions of Distributive Justice”. American Sociological Review 51(1):30-46..

Taylor, D. M., Moghaddam, F. M..1987. Theories of intergroup relations: International social psychological perspectives. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Tyler, T. R.,1989.“The psychology of procedural justice: a test of the group-value model”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (57):830-838.

Tyler, T. R., Lind, E. A.,1992. “A relational model of authority in groups”. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology (25):115-191.

Tyler, T. R., Degoey, P., and Smith, H. J.,1994. Understanding why the justice of group procedures matters: A test of the psychological dynamics of the group-value model. Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley.

Walster,E ., Berscheild, E., Walster,G . W.. 1973. “New directions inequity research”. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol (25):151-176.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jiep.v3i1&2.1543

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2020 Yali Jiang Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.