Analysis of Shoreline Changes in Ikoli River in Niger Delta Region Yenagoa, Bayelsa State Using Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS)

Egai Ayibawari Obiene (Department of Geology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria)
Eteh Desmond Rowland (Department of Geology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria)
Inko-Tariah Ibiso Michael (Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Rivers State University, Rivers State, Nigeria)

Article ID: 4197

Abstract


The use of Digital Shoreline Analysis System was used to determine shoreline changes in Ikoli River, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. Shoreline data were extracted from satellite imagery over thirty years (1991-2021). The basis of this study is to use Digital Shoreline Analysis System to determine erosion and accretion areas. The result reveals that the average erosion rate in the study area is 1.16 m/year and the accretion rate is 1.62 m/year along the Ikoli River in Ogbogoro Community in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. The mean shoreline length is 5.24 km with a baseline length of 5.2 km and the area is classified into four zones to delineate properly area of erosion and accretion based on the five class of Linear regression rate, endpoint rate and weighted linear rate of which zone I contain very high erosion and high erosion with an area of landmass 255449.93 m2 of 38%, zone II contain moderate accretion, very high accretion and high accretion with a land area of 1666816.46 m2 with 24%, zone III has very high erosion and high erosion with an area of landmass 241610.85 m2 of 34 % and zone IV contain moderate accretion and high accretion with land area 30888.08 m2 with 4%. Out of the four zones, zone I and II were found to be eroding with 72% and zone II and IV contain accretion with 28%. The result shows that 44% of the area have been eroded. Therefore, coastal engineers, planners, and shoreline zone management authorities can use DSAS to create more appropriate management plans and regulations for coastal zones and other coastal parts of the state with similar geographic features.


Keywords


Satellite imagery; Erosion; Accretion Yenagoa; Linear regression rate; Endpoint rate; Weighted linear rate; Digital Shoreline Analysis System

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/jms.v4i1.4197

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