The Influence of Parent-Child Relationship on Pupils’ Learning Motivation: The Mediating Role of Teacher-Student Relationship

Yuzhu Ren (Teachers College of Beijing Union University, Beijing, 100011, China)
Shixiang Liu (Teachers College of Beijing Union University, Beijing, 100011, China)

Article ID: 4828


Objective: The study is to analyze the influence of parent-child relationship on pupils’ learning motivation, and to explore the mediating mechanism of teacher-student relationship in parent-child relationship and learning motivation. Method: This study conducted a questionnaire survey on 213 pupils in Grades 5 and 6 in two schools in Beijing using Pianta’s teacher-student relationship scale revised by Qu, Dornbush’s parent-child intimacy scale revised by Zhang and the learning motivation scale adapted by Hu. Results: Gender, grade, whether they are the only child and to be a class cadre or not show significant differences in some dimensions of parent-child relationship, teacherstudent relationship and learning motivation. The total scores of parent-child relationship, teacher-student relationship and learning motivation are positively correlated, and some sub dimensions are also significantly correlated. Parentchild relationship and teacher-student relationship have a significant positive predictive effect on learning motivation, and parent-child relationship has a significant positive predictive effect on teacher-student relationship. Teacher-student relationship plays a mediating role in the influence of parent-child relationship on learning motivation. Conclusions: Parent-child relationship can promote the relationship between teachers and students, and then enhance pupils’ learning motivation.


Parent-Child relationship; Teacher-Student relationship; Learning motivation; Pupil

Full Text:



[1] Chu, D.S., 2017. Pay attention to motivation: stimulate students’ internal drive in mathematics learning. Primary School Teaching Research. (4), 16-19.

[2] Kelly, R., 2010. Using Microlectures to Improve Your Online Courses. Online Classroom. 3, 1-5.

[3] Xu, X.J., 2006. The advantages, present situation and Countermeasures of multimedia teaching. China Science and Technology Information. (1), 267, 271.

[4] Sun, L.L., 2012. Research on the present situation and Countermeasures of pupils’ mathematics learning motivation. Changchun: Northeast Normal University. DOI:

[5] Li, Y.X., 2007. Reliability and validity of learning motivation scale among junior middle school students. Changsha: Hunan Normal University. DOI:

[6] Huang, A.H., 2021. The practice of stimulating pupils’ learning motivation. Guangxi Education. (17), 11-12.

[7] Guo, Q.Q., 2020. The relationship between parental education and learning motivation of primary school children. Fuzhou: Fujian Normal University. DOI:

[8] Chen, J.Y., 2018. The relationship between parent-child relationship and school adaptability of left behind children: the intermediary role of psychological elasticity. Changsha: Hunan Normal University. DOI:

[9] Ding, X., 2020. Research on the relationship between problem behaviors of high-level primary school students and parental rearing patterns and parent-child relationships. Chongqing: Southwest University. DOI:

[10] Chen, X.N., 2009. Study on primary school students’ learning burnout and its relationship with parent-child relationship. Suzhou: Suzhou University. DOI:

[11] Tian, H.X., 2020. The relationship between teacher-student relationship, peer relationship and school adaptation of junior middle school students. Chengdu: Sichuan Normal University. DOI:

[12] Ma, Q.Y., 2017. The influence of teacher-student relationship on pupils’ learning delay: the mediating effect of learning emotion. Ningbo: Ningbo University. DOI:

[13] Liu, H.Y., 2021. Research on the construction of a new type of teacher-student relationship in Health Vocational Colleges -- Based on the perspective of positive psychology. Journal of Hubei Open Vocational College. 34(11), 52-53.

[14] Qu, Zh.Y., 2002. Characteristics of class environment in primary and secondary schools and its relationship with students’ school adaptation. Beijing: Beijing Normal University. (In Chinese).

[15] Buchanan, C.M., Maccoby, E.E., Dornbusch, S.M., 1991. Caught between parents: adolescents’ experience in divorced homes. Child Development. 62(5), 1008-1029.

[16] Hu, Y.Zh., 2018. Research on the influence of iPad panoramic classroom teaching on pupils’ learning motivation, peer relationship and academic performance. Shenzhen: Shenzhen University. DOI: 000006

[17] Qu, M.M., 2020. The relationship between parents’ academic expectation perception, teachers’ expectation perception, achievement goal orientation and academic possible self of middle school students and its educational implications. Kaifeng: Henan University. DOI: 000579

[18] Alyagon, M., 2011. Adolescents’ subtypes of attachment security with fathers and mothers and self-perceptions of socio-emotional adjustment. Psychology. 2(4), 291-299.



  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2022 Shixiang Liu, Yuzhu Ren

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.