Table of Contents


Yue Ma, Tiantian Guo, Yihe Wang, Xinna Li, Jingyu Zhang

Article ID: 3337
Views - 292  (Abstract) PDF - 33  (Download)
Abstract: In order to adapt to the low temperature environment, organisms transmit excitement to the central system through the thermal sensing system, which is a classic reflex reaction. The cold receptor GLR-3 perceives cold and pro duces cold avoidance behavior through peripheral sensory neurons ASER. In order to further...
Teresinha Inês Assumpção, Adrielly Julien Silva Lopes, Lilja Fromme, André Luís Quagliatto Santos

Article ID: 3448
Views - 197  (Abstract) PDF - 41  (Download)
Abstract: Brazil has six species of crocodiles belonging to the subfamily Caimaninae, one of them being Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Cuvier, 1807) (dwarf caiman). It is considered one of the smallest crocodilian species, and is sensitive to environmental changes. The anatomical and histological descriptions of the reproductive ...
Akombo, Pauline Mbakaan, Atile, John Iornyiman, Shima, Judith Nguvan

Article ID: 3408
Views - 133  (Abstract) PDF - 31  (Download)
Abstract: The growth parameters and mortalities of five species of Synodontis in the lower river Benue at Makurdi, Benue State were studied from January,2016 to December, 2018. The asymptotic length (L∞) calculated for the five species ranged from 18.80cm in S.clarias females to 37.04cm in S.membranaceus females. The t0 values were all negative in t...
Abdul Haleem, Orus Ilyas

Article ID: 3544
Views - 198  (Abstract) PDF - 48  (Download)
Abstract: The habitats for the wild animals are shrinking due to the clearance of forests for agriculture and industrialization. The idea of wildlife conservation begins with the identification of their acceptable habitat. Since this crucial information helps in the development and maintenance of the protected areas. The requirement of habitat varies with differe...


Song Sun, Hongliang Dou, Shichao Wei, Yani Fang, Zexu Long, Jiao Wang, Fuyu An, Jinqian Xu, Tingting Xue, Huangjie Qiu, Yan Hua, Guangshun Jiang

Article ID: 3102
Views - 1239  (Abstract) PDF - 50  (Download)
Abstract: Ecosystem engineers are organisms that alter the distribution of resources in the environment by creating, modifying, maintaining and/or destroying the habitat. They can affect the structure and function of the whole ecosystem furthermore. Burrowing engineers are an important group in ecosystem engineers as they play a critical role in soil translocation ...