Fluid Mechanics and Heat-Transfer Operations Combination Involved in Urea Unit of Fertilizer Complex

Muhammad Imran Rashid (University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (KSK Campus), Pakistan)
Naveed Ramzan (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore)

Article ID: 515

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/nmms.v1i1.515


Fertilizer plants are most complex plants in the world (Rashid et al., 2013, Process Safety Progress) and its good opportunity to learn science from operations involved in these plants. Fluid mechanics and heat transfer operations combination involved in fertilizer complexes are explored in this article.


Fertilizer plants; Fertilizer complex; Fluid mechanics; Heat-transfer; Urea

Full Text:



[1] Rashid et al. Implementation issues of PSM in a fertilizer plant: An operation’s engineer’s point of view. Process Saf Prog. 2013; 32:59–65.

[2] http://www.csb.gov/west-fertilizer-explosion-and-fire-/

[3] http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/coffeyville-nitrogen-fertilizer-plant-adjusts-turnaround-dates-104163358.html

[4] Nigel Hyatt, “Guidelines for process hazards analysis, hazard identification and risk analysis”, CRC press, 2003. ISBN 0849319099.

[5] Rashid MI and Ramzan N. Urea Synthesis Hazard Analysis―PHA, HAZOP and Quantitative Risk Assessment, 2012, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing AG & Co. KG, Dudweiler Landstraße 9966123 Saarbrucken, Germany, pp: 100, Standard ISBN: 978-3-659-18032-3.


  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2019 Muhammad Imran Rashid, Naveed Ramzan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.