Fluid Mechanics and Heat-Transfer Operations Combination Involved in Urea Unit of Fertilizer Complex

Muhammad Imran Rashid (University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (KSK Campus), Pakistan)
Naveed Ramzan (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore)

Article ID: 515

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/nmms.v1i1.515

Abstract


Fertilizer plants are most complex plants in the world (Rashid et al., 2013, Process Safety Progress) and its good opportunity to learn science from operations involved in these plants. Fluid mechanics and heat transfer operations combination involved in fertilizer complexes are explored in this article.


Keywords


Fertilizer plants; Fertilizer complex; Fluid mechanics; Heat-transfer; Urea

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References


[1] Rashid et al. Implementation issues of PSM in a fertilizer plant: An operation’s engineer’s point of view. Process Saf Prog. 2013; 32:59–65.

[2] http://www.csb.gov/west-fertilizer-explosion-and-fire-/

[3] http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/coffeyville-nitrogen-fertilizer-plant-adjusts-turnaround-dates-104163358.html

[4] Nigel Hyatt, “Guidelines for process hazards analysis, hazard identification and risk analysis”, CRC press, 2003. ISBN 0849319099.

[5] Rashid MI and Ramzan N. Urea Synthesis Hazard Analysis―PHA, HAZOP and Quantitative Risk Assessment, 2012, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing AG & Co. KG, Dudweiler Landstraße 9966123 Saarbrucken, Germany, pp: 100, Standard ISBN: 978-3-659-18032-3.


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