Nitrogen Release Characteristics of a Bag Controlled Release Fertilizer

Yi Zhong (State Key Lab of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou, 311300, China)
Renyi Gui (State Key Lab of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou, 311300, China)
Zhuangzhuang Qian (State Key Lab of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, China)
Shunyao Zhuang (State Key Lab of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, China)

Article ID: 1205

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/re.v2i1.1205

Abstract


Slow release fertilizers are designed to enhance crop yield and minimizing the loss of nitrogen (N) to environment. However, N release in leaching and loss in ammonia emission from bag controlled release fertilizers have not been previously evaluated under the standardized conditions in soil. Accordingly, a laboratory study was conducted to evaluate the characteristics of N release from a bag controlled fertilizer with 1, 3, 5 and 7 rows of hole (B-1, B-3, B-5, B-7) and a kraft bag without hole (B-W). The results showed that the amount of N leaching of B-1, B-3, B-5, B-7 and B-W were significantly lower than urea fertilizer without bag (U). The maximum N release from the fertilizers followed the order: U (83.16%) > B-7 (54.61%) > B-5 (54.02%) > B-W (51.51%) > B-3 (48.87%) > B-1 (38.60%) during the experimentation. Compared with U treatment, ammonia volatilization losses were significantly decreased by B-1, B-3, B-5, B-7 and B-W treatments. Based on N release and loss, a suitable bag with holes should be considered in practice when using the bag controlled fertilizer to meet an environment good objective. The evaluation method merits further study combined with field experiment.


Keywords


Bag controlled release fertilizer; Nitrogen; Ammonia volatilization; Incubation study

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Buates, J., Chawakitchareon, P., & Anuwattana, R.. The Effect of pH in the Tap Water on Nutrient Release from Slow Release Fertilizers. Advanced Materials Research, 2014, 931-932: 754-757.

[2] FAO.. Fertilizer used by crop. FAO fertilizer and plant nutrition bulletin 17[S]. FAO, 2006.

[3] Dominghetti, A. W., Guelfi, D.R., Guimaraes, R.J. Caputo, A.L.C., Spehar, C.R, Faquin, V. Nitrogen loss by volatilization of nitrogen fertilizers applied to coffee orchard. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 2016, 40(2): 173–183.

[4] Rochette, P., Angers, D. A., Chantigny, M. H., Gasser, M. O., Macdonald, J. D., Pelster, D. E., & Bertrand, N.. Ammonia volatilization and nitrogen retention: how deep to incorporate urea? Journal of Environmental Quality, 2013, 42(6): 1635-1642.

[5] Azeem, B., Kushaari, K.Z., Man, Z.B., Basit, A., Trinh, T.. Review on materials & methods to produce controlled release coated urea fertilizer. Journal of Controlled Release, 2014, 181: 11–21.

[6] Timilsena, Y. P., Adhikari, R., Casey, P., Muster, T.M., Gill, H., Adhikari, B.. Enhanced efficiency fertilizers: A review of formulation and nutrient release patterns. Journal of the Science and Food Agriculture, 2015, 95: 1131–1142.

[7] Liu, L., Peng, F., & Wang, X.. Effects of Bag-Controlled Release Fertilizer on Nitrogen Utilization Rate, Growth and Fruiting of the “FUJI”Apple. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 2010, 33(13): 1904-1913.

[8] Stanford, G., Smith, S.J.. Nitrogen mineralization potentials of soils. Soil Science of America Journal Proceedings, 1972, 5(36): 465–472.

[9] Alva, A. K., G.J. Gascho.. Differential leaching of cations and sulfate in gypsum amended soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 1991, 22: 1195–1206.

[10] Page, A. L.. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties. Wi American Society of Agronomy Inc & Soil Science Society of America Inc, 1982.

[11] Mulvaney, R. L., Sparks, D. L., Page, A. L., Helmke, P. A., Loeppert, R. H., Soltanpour, P. N., Sumner, M. E.. Nitrogen - inorganic forms. Methods of Soil Analysis, 3(methodsofsoilan3), 1996, 1123-1184.

[12] Lamont, G. P., Worrall, R. J., & O'Connell, M. A.. The effects of temperature and time on the solubility of resin-coated controlled-release fertilizers under laboratory and field conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 1987, 32(3): 265-273.

[13] Newman, J. P., Albano, J. P., Merhaut, D. J., & Blythe, E. K.. Nutrient release from controlled-release fertilizers in acid substrate in a greenhouse environment: I. Leachate electrical conductivity, pH, and nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium concentrations. Hortscience, 2006, 41(7): 1674-1682.

[14] Lv, D., Wu, J., Ren, L., Sun, J., Li, X., Zhang, Y.. Study on nutrient release characteristics of different slow controlled release urea. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015, 2015(02): 283–287. (in Chinese)

[15] Darrah, P. R., White, R. E., & Nye, P. H.. Simultaneous nitrification and diffusion in soil. European Journal of Soil Science, 1986, 37(3): 469-478.

[16] Lv, J., Li, Dan., Sun, J., Ni, W.. Slow release characteristics of low molecular weight polylactic acid-coated urea and its role in reducing ammonia volatilization. Chinese Agricultural Sciences, 2010, 2012(02): 283–291. (in Chinese)

[17] Vaio, N.. Ammonia volatilization and N-uptake from urea, urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) and Nitamin®(urea-polymer) applied to tall fescue in Georgia. Doctoral dissertation. Uga, 2006.

[18] Vaio, N., Cabrera, M. L., Kissel, D. E., Rema, J. A., Newsome, J. F., & Calvert, V. H.. Ammonia Volatilization from Urea-Based Fertilizers Applied to Tall Fescue Pastures in Georgia, USA. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2008, 72(6): 1665-1671.

[19] Griggs, B. R., Norman, R. J., Wilson, C. E., & Slaton, N. A.. Ammonia Volatilization and Nitrogen Uptake for Conventional and Conservation Tilled Dry-Seeded, Delayed-Flood Rice. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2007, 71(3): 745-751.

[20] Martha, G. B., Corsi, M., Trivelin, P.C.O.; Vilela, L., Pinto, T.L.F., Teixeira, G.M., Manzoni, C.S., Barioni, LG.. Ammonia volatilization loss in Tanzania grass pasture fertilized with urea in the summer. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 2004, 33: 2240–2247.

[21] Soares, R., Johnny, CANTARELLA, Heitor, Menegale, D. C., & Leite, M.. Ammonia volatilization losses from surface-applied urea with urease and nitrification inhibitors. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2012, 52(8): 82-89.

[22] Faria, L. D., do Nascimento, CAC, Carlos Antonio; Vitti, G.C., Luz, P.H.D., Guedes, E.M.S.. Loss of ammonia from nitrogen fertilizers applied to maize and soybean straw. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 2013, 37: 969–975.

[23] Keller, G. D., & Mengel, D. B.. Ammonia Volatilization from Nitrogen Fertilizers Surface Applied to No-till Corn1. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 1986, 50(4): 1060-1063.

[24] Junejo, N, Khanif, Y, M., Hanfi, & M, M., et al.. Reduced loss of NH3 by coating urea with biodegradable polymers, palm stearin and selected micronutrients. African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011, 10(52): 8.

[25] Arrobas, M., Parada, M. J., Magalhães, P., & Rodrigues, M. Â.. Nitrogen-use efficiency and economic efficiency of slow-release N fertilisers applied to irrigated turfs in a Mediterranean environment. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 2011, 89(3): 329-339.


Copyright © 2019 Yi Zhong, Renyi Gui, Zhuangzhuang Qian, Shunyao Zhuang


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.