Insect Pests Control of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) by Using Plant Aqueous Extracts in Korhogo Area (Northern Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa)

Mouhamadou Kone (Unité de Formation et de Recherche (UFR) des Sciences Biologiques, Département de Biologie Animale, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly. BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire)
Drissa Coulibaly (Unité de Formation et de Recherche (UFR) des Sciences Biologiques, Département de Biologie Animale, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly. BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire)
Yalamoussa Tuo (Unité de Formation et de Recherche (UFR) des Sciences Biologiques, Département de Biologie Animale, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly. BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire)
Marie Charlene Ginette Able (Unité de Formation et de Recherche (UFR) des Sciences Biologiques, Département de Biologie Animale, University of Peleforo Gon Coulibaly. BP 1328 Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire)

Article ID: 1600

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/re.v2i2.1600

Abstract


In this study, we monitored for the impact of three aqueous extracts of plants (Azadirachta indica, Hyptis suaveolens and Solanum lycopersicum) on insect pests abundance in okra (Albermochus esculentus L.) crop, compared to a synthetic chemical « SAUVEUR 62 EC », having as active ingredients, acetamiprid 32g/l and Lambda-cyhalothrin 30g/l. Foliar applications by these extracts were done using manual sprayers. After treatment, the insects were caught using two methods (pitfall traps and colored bowls traps). A total of 6505 insects belonging to nine orders were recorded in four plots. The plot 1 (9 orders) was the most diverse, followed by the plot 3 (8 orders), the plot 2 and 4 (7 orders respectively). Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, Orthoptera and Hemiptera were the most frequents. The chemical treatment has impacted significantly the number of orders (p < 0.05) but, the insect abundance was impacted significantly by the different biological treatments (p < 0.05). This study showed that the aqueous extract of Solanum lycopercicum was more effective on the abundance of pests belonging to Hemiptera, while the aqueous extracts of Azadirachta indica and Hyptis suaveolens were effectives on the abundance of pests belonging to Coleoptera. The chemical treatment was effective on the pests belonging to both orders.

Keywords


Albermochus esculentus; Azadirachta indica; Hyptis suaveolens; Solanum lycopersicum; Chemical treatment; Insect pests; Korhogo

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1] Alene D.C., Moukem M.Y., Tadu Z., Djiéto-lordon C. Diversity of hemipterans and ants in a market-gardening based agro-system in a suburb of Yaoundé, Centre Region (Cameroon). T. Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 2019, 13(3):1669-1681.

[2] Anjarwalla P., Belmain S., Ofori D.A., Sola P., Jamnadass R., Stevenson P.C. Handbook on Pesticidal Plants. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya, 2016, 64.

[3] Asare-Bediako E., Addo-Quaye A.A., Mohammed A. Control of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) on cabbage (Brassica oleracea var capitata) using intercropping with non-host crops. American Journal of Food Technology, 2010, 5(4): 269-274.

[4] Baidoo P.K., Mochiah M.B., Apusiga K. Onion as a pest control intercrop in organic cabbage (Brassica oleracea) production system in Ghana. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 2012, 1(1): 36-41.

[5] Bambara D., Tiemtoré J. Biopesticide Efficacy of Hyptis spicigera Lam., Azadirachta indica A. Juss. and Euphorbia balsamifera Ait. on Cowpea Insect Pests Controlling. Tropicultura, 2008, 26(1): 53-55.

[6] Belanger A., Musabyimana. The neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) against insects and diseases. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Horticultural Research and Development Center, 430 Boul. Gouin, SaintJean-sur-Richelieu, Québec, 2008, 13.

[7] Delvare and Alberlenc. Insects from tropical Africa and America, key to family recognition. Montpellier, France, 1989, 286.

[8] Djakou R. and Thanon S.Y. Ecology of Intertropical Africa. Bordes Edition. Paris, France, 1988, 191.

[9] Echereobia C.O., Okerere C.S., Emeaso K.C. Determination of repellence potentials of some aqueous plant extracts against okra flea beetles Podagrica uniforma. J. Biopesticides, 2010, 3(2): 505-507.

[10] Ekra K.A. Comparative study of the efficacy of aqueous extracts of neem seeds (Azadirachta indica Juss) and eucalyptus leaves (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) in the fight against okra insects (Abelmoschus esculentus L). Engineer’s thesis, National Polytechnic Institute Felix Houphouët Boigny (higher school of agronomy) - general agriculture engineer, 2010: 32-47.

[11] FAO. Country programming framework 2012-2015. Côte D’Ivoire, 2012, 30. Google. PDF file consulted on 12/04/2019.

[12] FAO. Edible insects: a perspective for food security. 2014, 274 :16-18.

[13] Gouley F. Plant slurries, instructions for use, Herbarius, 2014, 1(1): 8-9. www.herbarius.net. consulted on 05/03/2019.

[14] Grubben G.J.H. Other warm weather vegetables. Tropical vegetables and their genetic ressources. IBPGR. 1977, 77: 11l-114.

[15] Grubben G.J.H., Denton O.A. Plant resources of tropical Africa 2. Vegetables. In: PROTA (Eds.), 2004, 737.

[16] Hamon S., Charrier A. Large variation of okra collected in Bénin and Togo. FAO/IBPGR, Plant Genetic Resources-Newsletter, 1985, 56: 52-58.

[17] Hammer O., Harper D., Ryan P. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 2001, 4: 1-9.

[18] Mochiah M., Banful B., Fening K. Botanicals for the management of insect pests in organic vegetable production. J. Entomol. Nematol. based preparations as insecticidal agents against the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2011, 9(13): 1086- 1093.

[19] Mondédji A.D., Ketoh G.K., Amévoin K. Evaluation of neem leaves-based preparations as insecticidal agents against the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sternorrhyncha: Aphididae). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2014, 9(17): 1344-1352.

[20] Mondedji A.D., Nyamador W. S., Amevoin K., Adéoti R., Abbey G.A., Ketoh G.K., Glitho I.A. Analysis of some aspects of the vegetable production system and producers’ perception of the use of botanical extracts in the management of insect pests of vegetable crops in southern Togo. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 2015, 9(1): 98-107.

[21] N’guetta E.A. Epidemiological survey on bovine hemoparasitoses transmitted by ticks in the Savannah district. Graduate thesis. Dissertation of Technological University Diploma, (D.U.T). University of Bouaké, 2012: 16-17.

[22] Ouattara A. Contribution to the improvement of sedentary breeding in the Korhogo Department. Graduate thesis, Technological University diploma thesis (D. U. T) Côte d’Ivoire, Korhogo, 2009, 9.

[23] Sangare A., Koffi E., Akamou F., Fall C.A. National report on the state of phylogenetic resources for food and agriculture. Ministry of agriculture of côte d’Ivoire, 2009, 63.

[24] Savadogo S., Sambare O., Sereme A. and Thiombiano A. Traditional methods of controlling insects and ticks among Mossi in Burkina Faso. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 2016, 105: 10120-10133.

[25] Seck M. Effect of aqueous extract of neem leaves (Azadirachta indica A. JUSS) on Thrips population and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Master’s thesis in Plant protection, Bamey, 1997, 37.

[26] Yapi B.C. Fight against cattle ticks in northern Côte d’Ivoire: Balance sheet and outlook. PhD thesis, Paul-Sabatier University of Toulouse, 1990, 139.

[27] Yovo K. Consent to pay for biopesticides: a survey of market gardeners on the southern coast. Tokyo, Tropicultura, 2010, 2: 101-106.


Copyright © 2020 Author(s)


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.