Diversity of Pigments in Insects, Their Synthesis and Economic Value for Various Industries

Tanuja N. Bankar (Department of Zoology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, 11007, India)
Mudasir A. Dar (Department of Zoology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, 11007, India;School of the environment and safety engineering, Jiangsu University, 212013, China)
Radhakrishna S. Pandit (Department of Zoology, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, 11007, India)


Pigments play an essential role in imparting colors to the various organs of invertebrates particularly, insects. Genetic evolution and adaptive pigmentation of invertebrates have been studied which depicted that insect colors respond to the climatic changes. The physical, chemical and structural properties of insect pigments are being studied by researchers for years to elucidate their evolutionary aspects of physiology, metabolism, and economic importance for human welfare. Color development in insects varies within the species of different genera. In this state-of-the-art literature review, we discuss the variety of pigments other than visual ones found in different species of insects. The review also highlights the potential benefits or functions of pigments to insects.


Pigment; Colour development; Insect; Genetics; Commercial value

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/re.v3i2.2899


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