Biodiversity-friendly Agricultural Practices in the Indigenous Agricultural Systems in the Biodiversity Corridor of the Alto Paraná Atlantic Forest (Paraguay)

Federico Vargas Lehner (Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Paraguay)
Ruth Tiffer-Sotomayor (Environment, Natural Resources & Blue Economy, World Bank, Washington, D.C., United States)
Alejandrino Díaz (Itaipú Binacional, Asunción, Paraguay)
Alberto Yanosky (Guyra Paraguay / CONACYT, Carlos Boveda, Viñas Cue, Asunción, Paraguay)

Abstract


Agricultural systems result of the coevolution between social and natural systems, where biodiversity and natural resources play an important role, emerging interactions between crops and the natural environment that allow the development of ecological processes which interact with external inputs. This research aims to describe the agricultural practices developed by the Guarani Indigenous people in the agricultural systems located within the biodiversity corridor of the Upper Parana Atlantic Forest. This exploratory study is focused on multiple cases, with a qualitative approach and from data collected during 2017 and 2018 in eleven indigenous communities. The main practices developed for the management of biodiversity are polyculture, rotation, and embroideries; they also practice agroforestry and livestock-raising. The main difficulty they face is the reduction of the surrounding biodiversity, which affects the sustainability of the system. This study shows ways for nature-based solutions and ecosystem-based adaptation according to current needs for greening the economy.


Keywords


Indigenous agriculture; Agrobiodiversity; Slash-and-burn; Nature based solutions; Ecosystem based adaptation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/re.v3i3.3358

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Copyright © 2021 Federico Vargas Lehner, Ruth Tiffer-Sotomayor, Alejandrino Díaz, Alberto Yanosky


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