Clinical Evidence of Lyme Disease in Dogs and Disease Awareness Among Students and Veterinarians in Veracruz, Mexico

Blanca Paola Boria-Gamboa (University of Veracruz)
José Alfredo Villagómez-Cortés (University of Veracruz)
David Itzcoatl Martínez-Herrera (University of Veracruz)

Abstract


Background: Lyme disease is a relatively new and zoonotic canine pathology mostly unknown by people involved in the management and care of dogs.  Objective: to assess the knowledge about Lyme disease by veterinarians and veterinary students in Veracruz, Mexico. Methodology: three questionnaires were designed and applied to 290 individuals (40 small animal veterinarians, 50 in other professional practice and 200 veterinary students). Results and discussion: in general, the three groups were unaware about the disease, although there is a high interest in learning about this problem. Graduates from seven universities included in this study stated that Lyme disease was not part of the veterinary curriculum in their schools. Five clinical cases suggestive of Lyme disease occurring in dogs in the area were detected at the time of this research. Conclusion: although the presence of the agent causing Lyme disease has not been demonstrated in the studied area due to the lack of laboratory support and the apparent absence of the vector, it cannot be ruled out; furthermore, it is important that veterinary practitioners and student alike be aware of the potential presence of Lyme disease, paying particular attention to differential diagnosis when resembling clinical signs are observed.


Keywords


Borrelia burgdorferi; Curricula; Professional communication; Survey; Tick disease; Veterinary education; Zoonosis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/vsr.v1i2.1280

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Copyright © 2019 Blanca Paola Boria-Gamboa, José Alfredo Villagómez-Cortés, David Itzcoatl Martínez-Herrera


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