Ingestive Behavior and Nutritional and Physiological Parameters of Sheep Fed Diets Based on Cashew Byproduct

Clésio dos Santos Costa (Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil)
Tallita da Ponte Ribeiro (Department of Animal Science, State University Vale do Acaraú,, Sobral, Ceará, Brasil)
Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco Pompeu (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Goats & Sheep, Estrada Sobral-Groaíras, Km 04, 62.011-970, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil)
Fernando Lisboa Guedes (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Goats & Sheep, Estrada Sobral-Groaíras, Km 04, 62.011-970, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil)
Marco Aurélio Delmondes Bomfim (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Goats & Sheep, Estrada Sobral-Groaíras, Km 04, 62.011-970, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil)
Arnaud Azevedo Alves (Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, Piauí, Brazil)
Luciana Freitas Guedes (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Goats & Sheep, Estrada Sobral-Groaíras, Km 04, 62.011-970, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil)
Delano de Sousa Oliveira (Department of Animal Science, State University Vale do Acaraú,, Sobral, Ceará, Brasil)
Marcos Cláudio Pinheiro Rogério (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Goats & Sheep, Estrada Sobral-Groaíras, Km 04, 62.011-970, Sobral, Ceará, Brazil)

Abstract


Objective of this study was to evaluate the ingestive behavior, feed efficiency, and nutritional and physiological parameters of sheep that were fed diets based on byproducts from the processing of cashew. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with a 4 × 2 factorial arrangement with four levels of inclusion (6 %, 11 %, 16 %, and 21 % of cashew byproduct) and two forms of processing—with chemical treatment (CT) and without chemical treatment (NCT). The interaction levels of inclusion of the byproduct of cashew versus chemical treatments was not (P>0.05) for the dry matter intake, consumption of organic matter. No effect was observed (P>0.05) for the intake of dry matter in function of the type of chemical treatment used in the byproduct of cashew. There was no effect of interaction (P<0.05) between levels of inclusion and chemical treatment applied or not on the byproduct of cashew for the coefficients of digestibility of dry matter, organic matter and crude protein (P>0.05). The inclusion of the byproduct of cashew did not influence the behavioral parameters, intake and digestibility of the diets of sheep, being recommended to use up to the level of 21%.


Keywords


Ammoniation; Anacardium occidentale L; Agroindustrial byproducts; Feeding Time; Rumination

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30564/vsr.v1i2.1356

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Copyright © 2019 Clésio dos Santos Costa, Tallita da Ponte Ribeiro, Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco Pompeu, Fernando Lisboa Guedes, Marco Aurélio Delmondes Bomfim, Arnaud Azevedo Alves, Luciana Freitas Guedes, Delano de Sousa Oliveira, Marcos Cláudio Pinheiro Rogério


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