Determination and Prevalence of Ticks in Cattle in Konya Province of Turkey

Abdullah KÜÇÜKYAĞLIOĞLU (Municipality of Selçuklu, Veterinarian, 42070, Konya, Turkey)
Uğur USLU (Department of Medical Microbiology, Selçuk University, 42250, Konya, Turkey)


Ticks are common in the world. Diseases caused by ticks and fleas bring significant economic losses to the livestock industry. With the pathogens they carry, Blood-fed ticks infect humans and domestic animals. This study was conducted between January 01 and August 30, 2018, in the Konya province of Turkey, to determine the prevalence and species of ticks in cattle. 272 pieces of cattle were examined in terms of tick infestations. These cattle were selected from herds of 16 different cattle breeders in 5 different regions of Konya. Ticks were collected by the simple random sampling method. Tick infestation was detected in 70 (25.7%) pieces of cattle that were examined during the study.

Tick infestation was followed in 68 (29.3%) pieces female cattle and 2 (5%) pieces male cattle. During the study conducted, the following results had been determined; according to age, 12 (14.5%) of ticks were juvenile, 58 (30.7%) of them were adults, according to the body condition, 26 (23.4%) of them were good, 35 (26.1%) of them were average and 9 (33.3%) of them were week.

It is found that cattle in the study area were infested in the tick species Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus 65/272 (23.9%) and R. bursa 5/272 (%1.8). 332 female and 304 male total of 636 ticks were collected from the cattle. Genders were determined under a stereomicroscope. The high tick infestation shows that fight against tick is a hard process, and planning is a must to reduce the tick burden in cattle. Besides, this study will enable us to make suggestions to the relevant sectors in terms of parasitic struggle in eliminating the health and economic problems caused by ticks in the Konya province by determining the prevalence and species.


Tick; Cattle; Konya; Turkey

Full Text:



[1] Turkish Statistical Institute. Livestock Statistics, 2020, Access Date: 23.11.2020.

[2] Urquhart GM, Armour J, Duncan JL, Dunn AM, Jennings FW. Veterinary Parasitology, 2nd ed. 1996, 141-205, Blackwell scince Ltd, UK.

[3] Walker AR, Bouattour A, Camicas JL, Estrad-Pena A, Horak IG, Latif AA, Pegram RG, Preston P. Ticks of Domestic Animals in Africa: A guide to Identification of Species. Bioscience Reports. 2003, 1-227, Edinburgh Scotland U.K.

[4] Taylor MA, Coop RL, Wall RL. Veterinary Parasitology. 3rd ed. 2007, Blackwell publishing Ltd. UK.

[5] Mullen GR, Durden LA. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Second, Ed. Academic Press. Elsevier. 2009.

[6] Wall R, Shearer D. Veterinary Ectoparasites: Biology, Pathology and Control. Second Edition. 2001, Blackvell Science Ltd. Osney Mead, Oxford OX2 OEL, 25 John Street, London WCIN 2BS, UK.

[7] Karaer Z. Kene Kaosu, 18. National Parasitology Congress, September 29 - October 5, Denizli, Abstracts. 2013, 7-8, KONF04.

[8] Aktaş M. Ixodida (Keneler), In: Arthropodoloji. Eds: Karaer Z, Dumanlı N, 1st. 2015, 67-81, Ankara, Medisan Pres.

[9] Guglielmone AA, Robbins RG, Apanaskevich DA, Petney TN, Estrada-Peña A, Horak IG, Shao R, Barker S. The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a list of valid species names. Zootaxa. 2010, 2528: 1–28.

[10] Bursalı A, Keskin A, Tekin S. Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) infesting humans in the provinces

[11] of Kelkit Valley, a Crimean-congo hemorrhagic fever endemic region in Turkey. Exp Appl Acarol. 2013, 59 (4), 507-15. DOI: 10.1007/s10493-012-9608-z

[12] Tınar R, Umur Ş. Veterinary Parasitology According to Animal Species. 2015, Ankara: Güneş Bookstore.

[13] Kettle DS. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 2ndEd. 1995, 323-43, 517-57 Cambridge, UK: CAB Int.

[14] Dik B. Veterinary Entomology. 2015, S.Ü. Printing House, Konya.

[15] Aydın L. Tick Infestation in Cattle. In: Parasitic Diseases in Veterinary Medicine. Eds: İnci A, 2nd Edition. 2016, 326-336, İzmir: Meta Pres.

[16] İça A. ick Infestation. In: Parasitic Diseases in Veterinary Medicine. Eds: Yukarı BA, 2nd Edition.2016, 1010-1019, İzmir: Meta Pres.

[17] Gül A, Günyaktı Kılıç Ş. Lice Species of Hair Goats Slaughtered in Bingöl Municipality Slaughterhouse, Dicle Univ Vet Faculty Journal. 2016, 2(1):48-53. Electronics: ISSN: 1308-0679

[18] Kandemir Ç, Taşkın T, Koşum N, Ün C. Importance of Flea Infestations and Ways of Strunggle in Small Ruminant Husbandry. J. Anim. Prod. 2019, 60(1):75-88. DOI: 10.29185/ hayuretim.511108

[19] Thrustfield M. Veterinary epidemiology, 2nd Ed. 1995, 182-198, U.K. Blackwell science Ltd.

[20] Aiello SE, Mays A. Merck Veterinary Manuel, Eighth Edition. 1998, Philadelphia. Pennsylvania-USA, A Merck and Rhone-poulenc Company.

[21] Pace JE, Wakeman DL. Determining the age of cattle by their teeth. 2003, CIR253. Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. University of Florida, Gaines ville, FL.

[22] Agarwal BL. Basic Statistics, New Age International, (P) Limited Publishers, 2nd ed. 2003, 832, New Delhi.

[23] Serka. Development Agency, Kars Cattle Breeding Sector Report and Action Plan, 2017. Date of Access: April 2018.

[24] Manan A, Khan Z, Ahmad B, Abdullah. Prevalence And Identifıcation Of Ixodid Tick Genera In Frontier Region Peshawar. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 2007, 2(1), 21-25. ISSN 1990-6145

[25] Rahbari S, Nabian S, Shayan P. Primary report on distribution of tick fauna in Iran. Parasitol Res. 2007, 2: 175-177. DOI 10.1007/s00436-007-0692-7

[26] Rony SA, Mondal MMH, Begum N, Islam MA, Affroze S. Epidemiology of Ectoparasitic Infestations in Cattle at Bhawal Forest Area, Gazipur, Bangl. J. Vet. Med. 2010, 8(1) 27-33. DOI = 10.3329 / bjvm.v8i1.7399

[27] Kebede N, Fetene T. Population dynamics of cattle ectoparasites in Western Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia, Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health Vol. 2012, 4(1), 22-26. DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH11.006

[28] Onu SH, Shiferaw TZ. Prevalence of ectoparasite infestations of cattle in Bench Maji zone, southwest Ethiopia, Vet. World. 2013, 6(6), 291-94. DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.

[29] Gebreselama M, Zeru F, Romha G. Identification and prevalence of ectoparasites in cattle and sheep in and around Bishoftu town, central Ethiopia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2014, 2(4), 124-29. DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20140204.17

[30] Sajid MS, IqbalZ, ShamimA, SiddiqueRM, Jawad-ul-HassanM, RizwanHM. Distribution and abundance of ticks infesting livestock population along Karakorum highway from Mansehra to Gilgit, Pakistan. J Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society. 2017, 68: 51-58. DOI: 10.12681/jhvms.15556

[31] Sayın F, Dumanlı, N. Epizoothiological studies on tick (Ixodidea) species seen in domestic animals in Elazig province. A.U. Vet. Fak. Derg. 1982, 29, 344-362.

[32] Güler S, Özer E, Erdoğmuş SZ, Köroğlu E, Bektaş İ. Tick (Ixodidea) species found in cattle, sheep and goats in Malatya and some Southeastern Anatolian provinces. Doğa- Tr. J. of Veterinary and Animal Science. 1993, 229-231.

[33] Yukarı BA, Umur Ş. Distribution of Tick (Ixodoidea) Species in Cattle, Sheep and Goats in Burdur province. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 2002, 26, 1263-1270.

[34] Çiçek H. Epizoothiological Studies on Haemaphysalis Species in Ankara province. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 2004, 8: 107-113.

[35] Yılmaz AB, Değer MS. Determination and Seasonal Distribution of Tick Species on Cattle and Sheep in the Van and Erciş Region. Van Veterinary Journal. 2011, 22 (3), 133-137. ISSN: 1017-8422; e-ISSN: 1308-3651

[36] İça A, Özkan F. Distribution of Tick Species Spread in Kütahya Vicinity. Turkısh Journal of Parasıtology. 2015, 39: 117-123. DOI: 10.5152/tpd.2015.3849

[37] Eser M, Çiçek H. Studies on Tick (Ixodoidea) Infestation in Sheep, Goats and Cattle in Afyonkarahisar province. Kocatepe Vet J. 2018, 11(4): 385-393. DOI: 10.30607/kvj.440715

[38] Bouattour A, Darghouth MA, Miled LB. Cattle infestations by Hyalomma ticks and prevalence of Theileria in H. detritum species in Tunisia. Vet Parasitol. 1996, 65: 233-245.

[39] Papadopoulos B, Morel PC, Aeschlimann A. Ticks of domestic animals in the Macedonia region of Greece. Vet Parasitol. 1996, 63: 25-40.

[40] Tomassone L, Camica JL, Pagani P, Diallo OT, Mannelli A, de Meneghi D. Monthly dyanimics of ticks (Acari: Ixodida) infesting N'Dama cattle in the republic of Guinea. Exp. App. Acarol. 2004, 32: 209-218.

[41] Yamane I, Nishiguchi A, Yashi SK, Zeniya Y. Cross sectional survey of ixodid tick species on grazing cattle in Japan. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 2006, 38: 67-74.

[42] Omer LT, Kadir MA, Seitzer U, Ahmed JS. A survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle, sheep and goats in the Dohuk, Governorate, Iraq. Parasitol. Res. 2007, 101:179-181.

[43] Stuti V, Yadav CL, Kumar RR, Rajat G. Seasonal Activity of Boophilus microplus on Large Ruminants at an Organised Livestock Farm. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology. 2007, 21(2): 125-128.

[44] Salih DA, Julla II, Hassan SM, El Husseın AM, Jongejan F. Preliminary survey of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on cattle in Central Equatoria State, Southern Sudan. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research. 2008, 75: 47-53.

[45] Fantahun B, Mohamed A: Survey on the Distribution of Tick Species in and Around Assosa Town, Ethiopia. Res. J. Vet. Sci. 2012, 5: 32-41. DOI: 10.3923/rjvs.2012.32.41

[46] Teshome D. Prevalence of Major Skin Diseases in Ruminants and its associated Risk Factors at University of Gondar Veterinary Clinic, North West Ethiopia, J Res Development. 2016, Volume 4, Issue 1, 1-7. DOI: 10.4172/jrd.1000138

[47] Batool M, Nasir S, Rafique A, Yousaf I, Yousaf M. Prevalence of Tick Infestation in Farm Animals from Punjab, Pakistan. Pak Vet J. 2019, 39(3):406-410. DOI: 10.29261/pakvetj/2019.089

[48] Aydın L, Bakırcı S. Geographical distribution of ticks in Turkey.Parasitol Res. 2007, 101 (Suppl 2): 163-166. DOI: 10.1007/s00436-007-0694-5

[49] Değer S, Taşçı S, Akgül Y, Alkan İ. Van ve Yönesinde Evcil Hayvanlada Ektoparaziter Dermatitisler. Y.Y.Ü. Vet. Fak. Derg. 1994, 5(1-2) 155-61.

[50] Yay M, Yazar S, Aydın L, Şahin İ. Investigation of Tick Species on Sheep and Cattle Around of Kayseri, E.Ü.Journal of Health Sciences. 2004, 13 (2), 25-9.

[51] Mamak N, Gençer L, Özkanlar YE, Özçelik S. Determination of Tick Species and Treatment of Cows, Sheep and Goats in the Sivas-Zara Region, Turkey Journal of Parasitology. 2006, 30(3), 209-12.

[52] Bakırcı S, Sarali H, Aydın L, Latif A, Eren H, Karagenç T. Hyalomma rufi pes (Koch, 1844) infesting cattle in the West Aegean region of Turkey. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 2011, 35(5): 359-363. DOI: 10.3906/vet-0910-160

[53] Göksu, K. Studies on the Bioecology of Rhipicephalııs bursa canestrini and Fanzago 1977 (Acarina: Ixodidae) in field and laboratory conditions. A.U. Vet. Fak. Derg. 1969, 16(14): 275-312.

[54] Cantoray R, Dik B. Rural research on Bayticol pour-on tick activity, Eurasian J Vet Sci. 1988, 4, 1, 279-284.

[55] Ekici ÖD, Sevinç F. " Seroepidemiology of Babesia bigemina in cattle in Konya province, Turkey: Endemic status ", Bull Vet Inst Pulawy. 2009, 53, 645-649.



  • There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.